Numerical and Laboratory Approach to the Prediction of Flood Stage in Lowland Tidal River


Article Preview

The revised Malaysian Urban Stormwater Management Manual (MSMA) eludes the importance of tidal backwater analysis in the engineering of lowland river drainage. Tidal gates and flood gates can only be adequately designed if a detailed investigation of the dynamic interactions of tidal high water and storm discharge be conducted. We propose a numerical and laboratory investigation of the lower Klang River in order to better understand the independent and joint effects of these factors to river flood stage.



Edited by:

Azmi Mohamed Yusof






I. N. Mohamad and W. K. Lee, "Numerical and Laboratory Approach to the Prediction of Flood Stage in Lowland Tidal River", Applied Mechanics and Materials, Vol. 661, pp. 68-72, 2014

Online since:

October 2014




* - Corresponding Author

[1] New Straits Times. Malaysia all set for Second Wave Floods. Sunday 15 Dec 2013, retrieved at http: /news. asiaone. com/news/malaysia/malaysia-all-set-second-wave-floods, (2013).

[2] A. Shafie. Extreme Flood Event: A Case Study on Floods of 2006 and 2007 in Johor, Malaysia, Tech. Rep. Deg. Master of Science, Colorado State University, Fort Collins, Colorado, (2009).

[3] N. Lai, Government Looking at Measures to Resolve Flood Problems. 20 February 2014, retrieved at http: /www. theborneopost. com/2014/02/20/govt-looking-at-measures-to-resolve- flood-problems/ (2014).

[4] Department of Irrigation and Drainage. Manual Saliran Mesra Alam, 1st edition. Chap. 46: Lowland, Tidal and Small Island Drainage, (2000).

[5] Department of Irrigation and Drainage. Manual Saliran Mesra Alam, 2nd edition. Chap. 19: Gate and Pump, (2012).

[6] G. Savant and T. O. McAlpin. Tidal Hydrodynamics in the Lower Columbia River Estuary through Depth Averaged Adaptive Hydraulics Modeling. J. Eng., doi: 10. 1155/2014/416914, (2014).

DOI: 10.1155/2014/416914

[7] I. Rebardão and A. Trigo-Teixeira. Tidal Propagation in the Lima Estuary. J. Coastal Res., 56, ISSN 0749-0258, (2009).

[8] F. A. Buschman, A. J. F. Hoitink, M. van der Vegt, and P. Hoekstra. Subtidal Water Level Variation Controlled By River Flow and Tides. Water Resour. Res., 45, W10420, doi: 10. 1029/2009WR008167, (2009).

DOI: 10.1029/2009wr008167

[9] N. Shamsuddin. Pollution Reduction in Selangor and Klang River System. EAS Congress 25 Nov 2009, Manila, (2009).

[10] Z. -G. Ji, M. R. Morton and J. M. Hamrick. Wetting and Drying Simulation of Estuarine Processes. Estuarine, Coastal Shelf Sci., 53, 683–700. doi: 10. 1006/ecss. 2001. 0818, (2001).

DOI: 10.1006/ecss.2001.0818

[11] T. Chacon-Rebollo, A.D. Delgado, E.D. Fernández-Nieto, An entropy-correction free solver for non-homogeneous shallow water equations, Math. Modell. Numer. Anal. 37, 755–772, (2003).

DOI: 10.1051/m2an:2003043

[12] W.K. Lee, A.G.L. Borthwick, and P.H. Taylor. A fast adaptive quadtree scheme for a two-layer shallow water model. J. Comput. Physics, 230, p.4848–4870, (2011).

DOI: 10.1016/

[13] W.K. Lee, A.G.L. Borthwick, and P.H. Taylor. Tracer Dynamics in Two-layer Density-stratified Estuarine Flow. J. Eng. Comput. Mech. ICE, UK. DOI: 10. 1680/eacm. 13. 00008, (2014).

[14] M. A. Mahdi. Tidal Effects on the Flow and Channel Geometry of Klang River Estuary. Master Thesis, Faculty of Engineering, Universiti Pertanian Malaysia, Serdang, Malaysia, (2000).

[15] Port Klang Authority. Port Klang Malaysia Marine Information Handbook, revised (2010).

[16] Y. S. Liew, A. Nurlailah and O. Arshad. Laporan Teknikal Pembinaan Model Fizikal Sungai dan Muara (Tidal River Model) di Makmal Hidraulik Institut Penyelidikan Hidraulik Kebangsaan Malaysia (NAHRIM), January (2008).

In order to see related information, you need to Login.