Mechatronics and Mechanical Engineering I

Volume 664

doi: 10.4028/

Paper Title Page

Authors: Praveen Meduri, Shirshak Dhali
Abstract: In this paper, we propose a novel methodology to automate the transistor-level sizing of OpAmps. Given the netlist and the specifications of the OpAmp, our methodology automatically produces a set of monomial design equations that can be solved using a geometric programming. The use of monomial models eliminates the overhead of generating elaborate posynomial design equations. This approach produces a design that has the accuracy of the BSIM models used for simulation and the advantage of a quick design time. The results of a two stage OpAmp designed in TSMC 0.25μ technology prove the efficacy of our approach.
Authors: Zhen Wang, Claire Jean-Mistral, Simon Chesné, Luc Gaudiller
Abstract: In a context of embedded structures, the next challenge is to develop an efficient, energetically autonomous vibration control technique. Synchronized Switch Damping techniques (SSD) have demonstrated interesting properties in vibration control with a low power consumption. The damping attenuation can be improved thanks to energy transfer between a voltage source and the SSD circuit. Harvesting energy on a second structure can provide this voltage source but drastically complex the overall system. We propose here a new technique to enhance the classic SSD circuit due to energy harvesting. Our original approach consists in transferring energy between modes of a same structure: energy is harvested on non-controlled mode to increase the attenuation of a targeted mode. In this paper, we present theoretical analysis and numerical simulations of our energy-transfer architecture applied to an academic case, a free-clamped beam. Our electrical architecture called Synchronized Switching Damping and Harvesting (SSDH) is composed of a harvesting circuit (Synchronized Switch Harvesting on Inductor SSHI), a dc-dc converter (Buck-Boost topology) and a vibration modal control circuit (similar to a Synchronized Switch on Voltage SSDV). In a multi-sine excitation, an increase of the attenuation damping of 3.8dB with our new technique compared to classic SSDI is achieved.
Authors: Yong Ming Qian
Abstract: Position equation of 3-RRC parallel mechanism is established and its position direct and inverse solution is solved. The mechanism rate equation is established and its kinematics analysis is done. The result shows that it is easier to solve the kinematics inverse solution of the parallel mechanism.
Authors: Muralindran Mariappan, Manimehala Nadarajan, Rosalyn R. Porle, Brendan Khoo, Wong Wei Kitt, Vigneswaran Ramu
Abstract: The use of medical robots in healthcare industry especially in rural areas are hitting limelight these days. Development of Medical Tele-diagnosis Robot (MTR) has gain importance to unravel the need of medical emergencies. Nevertheless, challenges for a better visual communication still arises. Thus, a face identification and tracking system for MTR is designed to allow an automated visual which will ease the medical specialist to identify and keep the patient in the best view for visual communication. This paper emphasis on the motion detection module which is the first module of the system. An improved motion detection technique is proposed which suits a real-time application for a dynamic background. Frame differencing method was used to detect the motion of the target. The developed motion detection module succeeded an accuracy of 96% resulting an average of 97% of the whole MTR.
Authors: Zhang Lei, Chang Tian Qing, Su Kui Feng
Abstract: For the fault detection of mechatronic control system, based on observer a feedforward compensation approach was presented. The model of a mechatronic control system was investigated and divided into two loops for disturbance compensation and fault detection. The external disturbance of the vehicle was analyzed, and the relationship between the support shaft friction moment as main disturbance element and the attitude effect of the vehicle was built by the way of data curve fitting. The adjustment coefficients were proposed respectively in nine kinds of running section of the vehicle, because disturbance was very complicated and time-variant in different section. Fault detection observer was designed to generate residuals in the inner loop, and the whole residual was calculated. The compensation was deduced in accordance with responses produced by the disturbance, so the disturbance could be compensated. Band filter was proposed for other noises. Finally, an example was presented to illustrate the proposed approach. The simulation results showed that the disturbance elements can be compensated rapidly.
Authors: Chao Chen, Yan Li, Wei Wang
Abstract: This paper proposes a 3D point cloud registration method based on light detection and ranging (LiDAR) system. The proposed method consists of three steps: Gaussian-Process based ground segmentation, a novel k-neighbors based dynamic point feature and Iterative Closest Point (ICP) fine registration. The first two steps are the preparation of ICP fine registration. The odometry information from a GPS/IMU system is used to compensate the vehicle's ego-motion. The Gaussian-Process based ground segmentation is adopted to remove ground points. A novel Initial Localization based Dynamic Feature (ILDF) is proposed to detect and remove dynamic points. It is applicable in sequential frames and a proper initial localization without a large dislocation. In experiment results, a large number of dynamic points will be detected and removed by ILDF. The removal of dynamic points improves both accuracy and efficiency of registration algorithm.
Authors: Vishank Bhatia, R. Karthikeyan, R.K. Ganesh Ram, Yashaan Nari Cooper
Abstract: The structural analysis of quad rotor frame is important since it has to withstand the forces due to aerodynamics and gravitational force due to the mounted weights. Design optimization based on finite element analysis provides an efficient methodology to meet the desired objectives related to structural elements. In the present study, design optimization based on response surface methodology has been used to optimize the shape of the arm used in the quad rotor. The objectives considered for the study include minimization of Von Mises stress and total deformation. The goal driven optimization used in ANSYS WORKBENCH has been employed for the study and arm has been redesigned to meet the set goals.
Authors: Ângelo R. Araújo, Nuno Peixinho, A.C. Marques Pinho, J.C.P. Claro
Abstract: The Intervertebral Disc (IVD) is subjected to several types of loading during daily routine events. However, the overloading on this structure induces higher Intradiscal Pressure (IDP), which could cause severe damage on its structure. This study describes a new approach to that allows monitorize and pressurize nuclear region of the IVD, with a cartilaginous endplate access, by the insertion of an external fluid, while a Motion Segment (MS-assembly composed by vertebra-disc-vertebra) is compressed at a physiological load. This methodology includes the use of a pneumatic structure that applies a certain pressure on the hydrostatic system, forcing a fluid to enter into the MS through a screw, with a drilled hollow along its entire length. Preliminary results indicated that this methodology presents high potential to efficiently pressurize the IVD, providing a useful tool to better understand the response of this structure under pressure.
Authors: Jiang Chang, Guang Li, Guang Hua Wu, Xiao Feng Fu, Yu Yan Pang
Abstract: The paper made a research on the process of a biodegradable buffer packaging material prepared mainly by corn straw fiber and starch. By choosing the appropriate adhesive, through a molding process, a buffer packaging material with good performance can be obtained. Factors affecting the properties of the PLA/corn straw Fiber Foamed Material (hereinafter referred to as PFFM) are mainly adhesives, starch content, agent quantity, auxiliary material and foaming temperature. A degradable foamed packing material was prepared.
Authors: Ming San Miao, Bo Lin Cheng, Yuan Peng Chen, Na Jiang
Abstract: Objective: To study the effect of leptochloa on rats and mice ear swelling model. Methods: Each experiment group, mice were given corresponding drugs, according to the experiment requirement to give the corresponding dose, before the end of the experiment, the experimental model were given xylene,egg manufacture to corresponding experimental models, the determination of the experimental index.Results: Compared with the saline group, each dose Leptochloa paste group can significantly reduce the mice ear swelling; can obviously reduce the rat paw swelling. Are large doses Leptochloa paste have better effect to relieve the mice ears swelling and reduce rats paw edema. Conclusion: Leptochloa paste xylene-induced mice ear swelling model and egg white induced rat paw swelling model has a better therapeutic effect.

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