Physical and Chemical Activation Effect on Activated Carbon Prepared from Local Pineapple Waste

Abstract:

Article Preview

The characteristics and quality of activated carbons prepared depending on the chemical and physical properties of the starting materials and the activation method used. In this study, activated carbon prepared using pineapple waste. Three parts of pineapple waste which comprises of peel, crown and leaf were studied. For comparison activated carbon were prepared by both physical and chemical activation respectively. Three types of chemicals were used, phosphoric acid (H3PO4), sulphuric acid (H2SO4), and potassium hydroxide (KOH). The preparation includes carbonization at 200°C and activation at the 400°C using muffle furnace. The chemical characterization of the activated carbon was carried out using Thermogravimetric analysis (TGA), Nitrogen gas adsorption analysis and Fourier transform infrared (FTIR). The highest BET surface area was achieved when the pineapple peel soaked in 20% phosphoric acid with a surface area of 1115 m2g-1. FTIR analysis indicates that the reacted pineapple waste successfully converted into activated carbons.

Info:

Periodical:

Edited by:

Mohd Jailani Mohd Nor, Bashir Mohamad Bali Mohamad, Mariana Yusoff et al.

Pages:

87-92

Citation:

A. R. Yacob et al., "Physical and Chemical Activation Effect on Activated Carbon Prepared from Local Pineapple Waste", Applied Mechanics and Materials, Vol. 699, pp. 87-92, 2015

Online since:

November 2014

Export:

Price:

$38.00

* - Corresponding Author

[1] H. Kamandari, H. Hashemipour, L. Saeednia and H. Najjarzadeh, Experimental and modelling study on the production of activated carbon from pistachio shells in rotary reactor: Research on Chemical Intermediates, 40 (2) (2014) 509 – 521.

DOI: https://doi.org/10.1007/s11164-012-0978-y

[2] M.M. Rahman, M. Adil, A.M. Yusof, Porosity development in activated carbon from palm kernel and coconut shell by chemical activation method: Research Journal of Chemistry and Environment, 16 (4) (2012) 189 – 191.

[3] J. Zhang, X. -J. Jin, J. -M. Gao, X. -D. Zhang, Phenol adsorption on nitrogen-enriched activated carbon prepared from bamboo residues: BioResources, 9 (2014) 969 – 983.

DOI: https://doi.org/10.15376/biores.9.1.969-983

[4] L. Ding, B. Zou, W. Gao, Z. Wang, Y. Guo, X. Wang, Y. Liu, Adsorption of rhodamine-B from aqueous solution using treated rice husk-based activated carbon: Colloids and Surfaces A: Physicochemical and Engineering Aspects, 446 (2014) 1 - 7.

DOI: https://doi.org/10.1016/j.colsurfa.2014.01.030

[5] J. Ponou, J. Kim, L.P. Wang, G. Dodbiba, T. Fujita, Sorption of Cr(VI) anions in aqueous solution using carbonized or dried pineapple leaves, Chemical Engineering Journal, 172 (2011) 906-913.

DOI: https://doi.org/10.1016/j.cej.2011.06.081

[6] M. Kilic, E. Apaydin-Varol, A.E. Putun, Preparation and surface characterization of activated carbons from eurphorbia rigida by chemical activation with ZnCl2, K2CO3, and H3PO4, Applied Surface Science, 261 (2012) 247-254.

DOI: https://doi.org/10.1016/j.apsusc.2012.07.155

[7] M.A. Nahil, T. Paul, Pore characteristics of activated carbons from the phosphoric acid chemical activation of cotton stalks, Biomass and Bioenergy, 37 (2012) 142-149.

DOI: https://doi.org/10.1016/j.biombioe.2011.12.019