Advanced Treatment of Municipal Wastewater Effluent by Coagulation/Sedimentation and Chlorine Dioxide Disinfection
Due to increasing water scarcity, reclamation and reuse of the secondary effluent of wastewater treatment plant are widely concerned in many countries. Before reuse, the residual contaminant in the secondary effluent should be further removed to guarantee safe reuse. Coagulation/sedimentation and subsequent chlorine dioxide(ClO2) disinfection was adopted for tertiary treatment of secondary effluent. Selection of coagulant and optimization of tertiary treatment parameters were performed in this study. The results showed that coagulation could remove turbidity and total phosphours(TP) effectively. Polyaluminium chloride(PAC) was the most suitable coagulant. The optimal coagulation condition was as follows: PAC dosage of 10mg/L(measured as Al3+), reaction time of 20 min, settling time of 40 min, in this case, the average removal rate of turbidity, color, UV254, TP and TOC could reach to 58.2%, 22.8%, 18.2%, 60.6% and 22.2%, respectively. ClO2 could inactive bacteria and E. coli effectively. ClO2 could further remove UV254, color and TOC. In case of ClO2 dosage of 5mg/L, the sterilization efficiency could reach 100%, and the removal rate of UV254, color and TOC was higher than 25%, 70% and 25%, respectively. In the optimal condition, the removal efficiency of residual contaminant by the combination process was as follows: UV254 of 45.9%, color of 76.5%, TOC of 66.7%, turbidity of 61.9% and TP of 96.3%.
Dongye Sun, Wen-Pei Sung and Ran Chen
L. H. Cheng et al., "Advanced Treatment of Municipal Wastewater Effluent by Coagulation/Sedimentation and Chlorine Dioxide Disinfection", Applied Mechanics and Materials, Vols. 71-78, pp. 2792-2796, 2011