The principle of biomass briquetting, the advantages and disadvantages of biomass briquette machine and the current research status were introduced in this paper. The influence of the four factors biomass particle size, moisture, pressure and compression speed to formation density and compressive strength was summarized, by orthogonal test method. The results show that, the influence of biomass size to the formation density is largest and to the compressive strength is least. The biomass size in the range of<40 mesh is best. The influence of compressing speed to compressive strength is largest and to formation density is least. The speed about 60mm/min is best. The influence of biomass moisture content and pressure cannot be neglected, 15% and 10MPa are best in this paper.