A Cross-Sectional TEM Specimen of a Multilayer Thin Film Prepared Using the FIB Technique
A focused ion beam (FIB) mill equipped with a microsampling (MS) unit and combined with transmission electron microscopy (TEM)/scanning TEM-energy dispersive x-ray spectroscopy (STEM-EDXS) is a powerful tool for studies of the functional advanced materials. For the studies, the specimen must be prepared as a thin foil which is tranparent to the electron beam. Focused ion beam is very effective method for fabricating TEM specimen of the cross-sectional thin film with the “lift-out” technique using a tungsten (W)-needle probe as a micromanipulator. A multilayer film of MgB2/Ni deposited on a Si (001) substrate prepared by FIB-MS technique is presented. Before FIB fabrication, the surface of the multilayer film was coated with W-film to prevent the surface from bombardment by the ion beam. A bright field (BF)-STEM image of the multilayer film related to two-dimensional (2D) elemental mapping clearly showed the presence of MgB2-and Ni-nanolayers. The measured experimental spacing between Ni-nanolayers was comparable with the actual specimen design, but the thickness of Ni-nanolayer was not. Unexpected nanostructures of the formation of SiO2 film on the substrate surface and holes within the film were observed.
Khairurrijal, Kuwat Triyana and Shidiq Nur Hidayat
H. Sosiati et al., "A Cross-Sectional TEM Specimen of a Multilayer Thin Film Prepared Using the FIB Technique", Applied Mechanics and Materials, Vol. 771, pp. 108-111, 2015