Suitability of Self-Fabricated Solid Tissue Phantom for Quality Assurance Examination of Shortwave Diathermy (SWD) Unit


Article Preview

Diathermy is commonly used treatment method for pain relief in musculoskeletal tissue, rheumatisms, inflammation etc., by which the increased temperature in tissue induces better blood perfusion and quickens the healing process. But improper maintenance and incorrect handling might lead to degrade the output power or may cause serious burns, respectively. So correct regular QA measurements for the output power would be necessary, in order to give the correct and safe treatment plan. A suitable tissue phantom is then needed to accomplish this task. For this purpose, a glycerol-based solid tissue phantom has been self-fabricated with insertion of four precission temperature sensors (LM 35) at locations of of 1.0 cm, 1.5 cm, 2.0 cm, and 2.5 cm from the surface (each of which are 2 cm laterally separated). Prior calibration of these four sensors for temperature range of 20 - 50°C (using a calibrated temperature calibrator) show very good accuracy and precission properties. The phantom is then tested by exposing it with RF waves output of SWD unit with time variation of 2-14 min (step 2 min), and output power variation of 20% - 80% of its maximum power (incremental step of 20%).



Edited by:

Khairurrijal, Kuwat Triyana and Shidiq Nur Hidayat




Lamidi et al., "Suitability of Self-Fabricated Solid Tissue Phantom for Quality Assurance Examination of Shortwave Diathermy (SWD) Unit", Applied Mechanics and Materials, Vol. 771, pp. 80-83, 2015

Online since:

July 2015




[1] I. Ishido, T. Onishi, K. Saito, S. Uebayashi, K. Ito, A study in the solid phantom for 3-6 GHz and evaluation of SAR distribution based on the thermographic method, Proc. EMC'04 Sendai, 3B3-2, Sendai, Japan, Jun. (2004).

[2] E. Repasky, R. Issels, Physiological consequences of hyperthermia: Heat, heat shock proteins and the immune response. Int. J. Hyperthermia 18(6) (2002) 486 – 489.


[3] G.C. Goats, Continuous short-wave (radio-frequency) diathermy, Br. J. Sp. Med. 23(2) (1989) 123-127.

[4] R.R. de Jesus Guirro, E.C. de Oliveira Guirro, N.T.A. de Sousa, Lack of maintenance of shortwave diathermy equipment has a negative impact on power output, J. Phys. Ther. Sci. 26 (2014) 557–562.


[5] K. Ito, K. Furuya, Y. Okano, L. Hamada, Development and the characteristics of a biological tissue-equivalent phantom for microwaves, IEICE Trans. J81-B-II(12) (1998) 1126–1135.

[6] D.O. Draper, K. Knight, T. Fujiwara, J.C. Castel, Temperature change in human muscle during and after pulsed short-wave diathermy, J. Orthop. Sports Phys. Ther. 29(1) (1999) 13 - 22.


Fetching data from Crossref.
This may take some time to load.