The Storage Effect on Fuel Properties and Emission for Variety Biodiesel Blends


Article Preview

In this paper, storage effect on biodiesel properties for high blending ratio and the emission are evaluated. The blend level of biodiesel is denoted as B, followed by the percentages of pure biodiesel. The samples used are conventional diesel (STD), B80, B90 and B100 were stored at ambient temperature (24 °C) for nine week. The properties of biodiesel, acid value, flash point, viscosity, density and water content were measured according to ASTM D6751 biodiesel fuel standard. Results show there are no significant effects on it properties while stored in long duration at ambient temperature. Meanwhile, increasing biodiesel ratio is found to enhance the combustion process, resulting in decreased the HC for emissions.



Edited by:

Al Emran Ismail, Amir Khalid, Aziman Madun, Ahmad Kueh Beng Hong, Fariza Mohamad, Hamidon Salleh, Kamaruddin Ambak, Mohammad Kamil Abdullah, Mohd Azlis Sani Md Jalil, Mohd Ezree Abdullah, Mohd Fahrul Hassan, Mohd Halim Irwan Ibrahim




Y. Humairak et al., "The Storage Effect on Fuel Properties and Emission for Variety Biodiesel Blends", Applied Mechanics and Materials, Vols. 773-774, pp. 455-459, 2015

Online since:

July 2015


* - Corresponding Author

[1] M. Chin, Biofuels in Malaysia, (2011).

[2] D. Sebayang, E. Agustian and A. Praptijanto, Transeterification of biodiesel from waste cooking oil using ultrasonic technique, in International Conference on Environment, (2010).

[3] B. Tesfa, R. Mishra, F. Gu, and A. Ball, Combustion characteristics of CI engine running with biodiesel blends, in International Conference on Renewable Energies and Power Quality, (2011).


[4] A. Khalid, S. A. Osman, M. N. M. Jaat, N. Mustaffa, S. M. Basharie, and B. Manshoor, Performance and emissions characteristics of diesel engine fuelled by biodiesel derived from palm oil, Appl. Mech. Mater., 315 (2013, Apr. )517–522.


[5] C. Pattamaprom, W. Pakdee and S. Ngamjaroen, Storage degradation of palm-derived biodiesels: its effects on chemical properties and engine performance, Renewable Energy, vol. 37, no. 1, pp.412-418, (2012).


[6] Y. Gao, J. Deng, C. Li, F. Dang, Z. Wu and L. Li, Experimental study of the spray characteristics of biodiesel based on inedible oil, Biotechnology Advances, vol. 27, no. 5, pp.616-624, (2009).


[7] NREL (National Renewable Energy Laboratory), (2009). Biodiesel Handling and Use Guide. Retrieved September 23, 2013 from, http: /www. nrel. gov/vehiclesandfuels/pdfs/43672. pdf.


[8] H. Zakaria, A. Khalid, M. F. Sies and N. Mustaffa, Overview effect of biodiesel storage on properties and characteritics, Applied Mechanics and Materials, vol. 465 – 466, pp.260-264, (2014).


[9] H. Zakaria, A. Khalid, M. F. Sies, N. Mustaffa and B. Manshoor, Effect of storage temperature and storage duration on biodiesel properties and characteristics, Applied Mechanics and Materials, vol. 465 – 466, pp.316-321, (2014).


[10] M., Bowman, D., Hilligoss, S. Rasmussen, and R. Thomas., (2006).

[11] A. Khalid, N. Tamaldin, M. Jaat, M.F.M. Ali, B. Manshoor and I. Zaman, Impacts of biodiesel storage duration on fuel properties and emissions, International Tribology Conference Malaysia, vol. 68, p.225–230, (2013).


[12] H. Ge, J. Scharffbillig, C. Ahlberg and E. Clark, A Biodiesel Blend Handling Guide. 2009. Retrieved September 2013 from, www. mda. state. mn. us/biodiesel.

[13] M. Shahabudin, M. A. Kalam, H. H. Masjuki, M. M. K. Bhuiya and M. Mofijur, An experimental investigation into biodiesel stability by means of oxidation and property determination, Energy, vol. 44, no. 1, pp.616-622, Aug. (2012).


[14] A. Obadiah, R. Kannan, A. Ramasubbu and S.V. Kumar, Study on the effect of antioxidants on the long-term storage and oxidation stability of pongamia pinnata (l. ) pierren biodiesel, Fuel Processing Technology, 99 (2012) 56-63.


Fetching data from Crossref.
This may take some time to load.