Analysis of Leakage Current on 11kV Zinc Oxide Surge Arrester Using Finite Element Method


Article Preview

Leakage current is known to be directly related to the degree of degradation of arrester. Leakage current is commonly flow across arrester under non-conducting condition. In this work, a two-dimensional (2D) axial-symmetrical 11kV surge arrester model was developed and used to simulate the leakage current under normal condition. The influence of insulator shed widths, housing materials and sizes of ZnO in an 11kV ZnO surge arrester design on its leakage current was studied using finite element method (FEM) software, which is COMSOL Multiphysics. The simulation results show that leakage current is mostly affected by the sizes of the ZnO and material of the housing. From this work, an understanding on the leakage current behaviors in a ZnO surge arrester can be enhanced. This study may also help in improving the design of surge arresters in reducing leakage current.



Edited by:

Ismail Musirin and Shahril Irwan Sulaiman






N. A. Abdul Latiff et al., "Analysis of Leakage Current on 11kV Zinc Oxide Surge Arrester Using Finite Element Method", Applied Mechanics and Materials, Vol. 785, pp. 348-352, 2015

Online since:

August 2015




* - Corresponding Author

[1] Trajano de Souza, R., et al. A virtual bridge to compute the resistive leakage current waveform in ZnO surge arresters. in IEEE/PES Transmission and Distribution Conference and Exposition: Latin America, (2004).

DOI: 10.1109/tdc.2004.1432387

[2] Neto, E.T.W., et al., Monitoring and Diagnosis of ZnO Arresters. IEEE Latin America Transactions (Revista IEEE America Latina), 2006. 4(3): pp.170-176.

[3] Abdul-Malek, Z., Novizon, and Aulia. A new method to extract the resistive component of the metal oxide surge arrester leakage current. in IEEE 2nd International Power and Energy Conference, (2008).

DOI: 10.1109/pecon.2008.4762507

[4] Christodoulou, C.A., et al., Measurement of the resistive leakage current in surge arresters under artificial rain test and impulse voltage subjection. IET Science, Measurement & Technology, 2009. 3(3): pp.256-262.

DOI: 10.1049/iet-smt:20080123

[5] Lundquist, J., et al., New method for measurement of the resistive leakage currents of metal-oxide surge arresters in service. IEEE Transactions on Power Delivery, 1990. 5(4): pp.1811-1822.

DOI: 10.1109/61.103677

[6] Lahti, K., K. Kannus, and K. Nousiainen, Behaviour of the DC leakage currents of polymeric metal oxide surge arresters in water penetration tests. IEEE Transactions on Power Delivery, 1998. 13(2): pp.459-464.

DOI: 10.1109/61.660915

[7] Lahti, K., K. Kannus, and K. Nousiainen, A comparison between the DC leakage currents of polymer housed metal oxide surge arresters in very humid ambient conditions and in water immersion tests. IEEE Transactions on Power Delivery, 1999. 14(1): pp.163-168.

DOI: 10.1109/61.736709

[8] Kannus, K. and K. Lahti, Laboratory Investigations of the Electrical Performance of Ice-covered Insulators and a Metal Oxide Surge Arrester. IEEE Transactions on Dielectrics and Electrical Insulation, 2007. 14(6): pp.1357-1372.

DOI: 10.1109/tdei.2007.4401218

In order to see related information, you need to Login.