Electrical Current at Metal Cutting Process: A Literature Review


Article Preview

Processing metallic materials by cutting using good electricity conductor cutting edges it appears an electrical current due mainly to the temperature in the cutting zone. Analyzing of the electrical current the information about the unfolding mode of the cutting process can be obtained. The cutting electrical current can be used in several applications: the estimation of the temperature in the cutting zone, the estimation of the cutting forces, the identification of the wear state of the cutting edge etc. The first researches were started in Russia and they were based on the utilization of the cutting electrical current to measure the temperature in the cutting zone. Afterwards, other applications were identified in the literature and the researches were extended in other countries like India, Japan, USA, Brazil, France, Bangladesh and Romania. This paper presents a review of the researches about the electrical current which appears at cutting process.



Edited by:

Nicolae Balc




R. Daicu and G. Oancea, "Electrical Current at Metal Cutting Process: A Literature Review", Applied Mechanics and Materials, Vol. 808, pp. 40-47, 2015

Online since:

November 2015




* - Corresponding Author

[1] V. Diţu, Useful relations for splinting thermocurrent, Academic Journal of Manufacturing Engineering, Vol 3, No 1, 2005, pp.40-43.

[2] V. Diţu, B. Lepădătescu, The Utilization of Electrical Cutting Signal for the Quality Control of the Mettalic Carbide Plates, of the Edge of the Drill, and fot the Appreciation in the Cutting Zone, Proceedings of the 12th WSEAS International Conference Circuits, Systems, Electronics, Control & Signal Processing (CSECS '13), Budapest, Hungary, 2013, pp.282-286.

[3] V. Diţu, Romanian Research Presented in Bulgaria About the Electric Cutting Thermocurrent Resulted at Turning of Steel, The VII International Conference Challenges in Higher Education and Research the 21 st Century, Tehnical University of Sofia, 2009, Vol. 7, pp.285-288.

[4] V. A. Bobrovski, Increasing the life of tools bu interrupting the circuit of the electrical current that appear at cutting metals (Russian language), Vestnik maşinostroeniia, No. 8, (1966).

[5] S.N. Postnikov, The role of electrical phenomena in friction and cutting of metals, Fiziko-Khimicheskaya Mekhanika Materialov, Vol. 3, No. 3, 1967, pp.313-318.

[6] M. Korobov, The influnece of thermoelectrin phenomenon that appear during cutting, over the tool wear (Russian language), Stanki i instrument, No. 3, (1968).

[7] H. Bagchi, S.K. Basu, Thermoelectric Wear in Tools, Wear 26, 1973, pp.39-44.

DOI: https://doi.org/10.1016/0043-1648(73)90148-8

[8] S.V. Vasiliev, Electrical current in cutting zone (Rusian language), Stanki i instrument, No. 9, (1974).

[9] S.V. Vasiliev, Cutting thermocurrent and cutting temperature (Russian language), Stanki i instrument, No. 10, (1980).

[10] S.M. Palei, S.V. Vasiliev, The influence of part temperature over the electric current that appear at cutting (Russian language), Vestnik maşinostroeniia, No. 1, (1983).

[11] S.V. Vasiliev, Măsurarea forţei electromotoare de aşchiere, Stanki i instrument, nr. 6, (1983).

[12] V. Diţu, The Relations between Thermocurrent that Result in the Cutting Process and the Diverse Parametres of the Systems Cutting Process", Buletinul "Romanian Academy, Branch Office of Iaşi, TSTM-no. 5, 1999, pp.28-31.

[13] V. Diţu, Comparative Study of the Using Cutting Fluids at Turning and Drilling Using the Cutting Electric Thermocurrent, Industrial Engineering Magazine RECENT", "Transilvania, Univeristy of Braşov, Vol. 12, Nr. 2 (32), 2011, pp.119-124.

[14] D.A. Stephenson, Tool–Work Thermocouple Temperature Measurements – Theory and Implementation Issues, ASME, Journal of Engineering for industry, vol. 115, (1993).

DOI: https://doi.org/10.1115/1.2901786

[15] V. Diţu, The fast estimation of the cutting forces at turning and drilling, 3rd International Conference Research & Innovation in Engineering, COMAT 2014, 16-17 october 2014, Braşov, Romania, vol. II, pp.185-188.

[16] A.K.M. Nurul Amin, Md. Ruhul Amin Sarker, A. Mahiuddin, A.N. Musfaizul Karim, Selection of cemented carbide turning tools using EMF and optimization criteria, Journal of Materials Processing Techology 77, 1998, pp.59-63.

DOI: https://doi.org/10.1016/s0924-0136(97)00394-4

[17] H. Pan, B. An, Y. Chen, E. Orady, Thermal EMF method for monitoring drilling tool wear, Proc. SPIE2101, Measurement Technology and Intelligent Instruments 1373, (1993).

DOI: https://doi.org/10.1117/12.156418

[18] V. Diţu, The Analysis of the Connection Relation between the Cutting Thermocurrent and the Cutting Tool's Wear, Proc. of the 1st WSEAS International Conference on Manufacturing Engineering, Quality and Production Systems (MEQAPS '09), Vol. II, pp.322-326, (2009).

[19] V. Diţu, Strategy about the Appreciation of the Average Temperature from the Cutting Zone at Steel Turning when the Natural Thermocouple Cannot be Used, Academic Journal of Manufacturing Engineering, Vol. 8, issue 3/2010, pp.18-23.

[20] V.V. Medison, Influence of the thermoelectric current on the tool-life in cutting titanium alloys, Vestnik Mashinostroeniya 1, 2014, pp.75-78.

[21] A.L. Plotnikov, E.G. Krylov, E.M. Frolov, Diagnostics of a state of a multicutter hard-alloy tool on the basis of thermoelectric phenomena in the cutting zone, STIN 11, 2009, pp.2-7.

DOI: https://doi.org/10.3103/s1068798x10020140

[22] M. Murata, S. Kurokawa, O. Ohnishi, In-process tool flank wear detection by using changes in the tool-work electrical contact resistance, Journal of the Chinese Society of Mechanical Engineers, Transactions of the Chinese Institute of Engineers, Series C/Chung-Kuo Chi Hsueh Kung Ch'eng Hsuebo Pao, 79 (803), 2013, pp.2546-2557.

DOI: https://doi.org/10.1299/kikaic.79.2546

[23] M. Murata, S. Kurokawa, O. Ohnishi, M. Uneda, T. Doi, Real-time evaluation of tool flank wear by in-process contact resistance measurement in face milling, Journal of Advanced Mechanical Design, Systems and Manufacturing, 6 (6), 2012, pp.958-970.

DOI: https://doi.org/10.1299/jamdsm.6.958

[24] M. Murata, S. Kurokawa, O. Ohnishi, M. Uneda, T. Doi, Characteristics of thermo-electromotive force, electric current and electric resistance in intermittent cutting process by face milling, Advanced Materials Research, 314-316, 2011, pp.1075-1078.

DOI: https://doi.org/10.4028/www.scientific.net/amr.314-316.1075

[25] H. Hirota, M. Murata, A. Kojima, K. Yanagihara, Relation between tool wear of face milling cutter and thermo-electric characteristics, Seimitsu Kogaku Kaishi/Journal of the Japan Society for Precision Engineering 64, 1998, pp.1191-1195.

DOI: https://doi.org/10.2493/jjspe.64.1191

[26] R. Tanaka, A. Hosokawa, K. Yamada, T. UEDA, Effect of additional current on cutting mechanism of free machining steels in turning, Proceedings of the Seventh International Conference on Progress of Machining Technology, ICPMT 2004, pp.786-791.

[27] A. Gangopadhyay, G. Barber, H. Zhao, Tool wear reduction through an externally applied electrical current, Wear 260, 2006, pp.549-553.

DOI: https://doi.org/10.1016/j.wear.2005.03.020

[28] R. Tanaka, Y. Lin, A. Hosokawa, T. Ueda, K. Yamada, Influence of Additional Electrical Current on Machinability of BN Free-Machining Steel in Turning, Journal of Advanced Mechanical Design, Systems and Manufacturing, Vol. 3, No. 2, 2009, pp.171-178.

DOI: https://doi.org/10.1299/jamdsm.3.171

[29] A. Soman, N. Anbarasan, P. Hareesh, P. Kuppan, Experimental study on the effect of the electric current applied at the interface of cutting tool and workpiece for turning operation, Procedia Engineering 97, 2014, pp.220-229.

DOI: https://doi.org/10.1016/j.proeng.2014.12.245