Designing a Low Cost Endoskeletal below Knee Prostheses with the Implementation of Appropriate Technology


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The endoskeletal below knee prostheses was commercially available in Indonesia. More advanced products also available in the market but they come with expensive price and high maintenance cost. This paper presents a design concept of an affordable endoskeletal below knee prostheses for daily living with functional ankle joint. The design was developed through the application of appropriate technology approach from the total ergonomics framework which consists of 7 characteristics; technically feasible, ergonomic, energy saving, economical, socioculturally acceptable, environmental friendly, and trendy. The result is an endoskeletal below knee prostheses with multiaxis joint system and energy store-return components installed on its modular ankle joint.



Edited by:

Mohd Mustafa Al Bakri Abdullah, Rafiza Abd Razak, Muhammad Mahyiddin Ramli, Shayfull Zamree Abd Rahim, Rizalafande Che Ismail and Mohd Nasir Mat Saad




L. Herdiman et al., "Designing a Low Cost Endoskeletal below Knee Prostheses with the Implementation of Appropriate Technology", Applied Mechanics and Materials, Vol. 815, pp. 318-322, 2015

Online since:

November 2015




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