Deformation Mechanisms of Auxetic Microstructures for Energy Absorption Applications
In this work parametric modelling was utilized to design and produce two types of porous microarchitectures with auxetic compressive properties suitable for deformation energy mitigation applications such as blast and bullet protection. The samples were directly produced from acrylic material using a high resolution 3D printer and their compressive mechanical characteristics were tested. Two different structures exhibiting in-plane negative strain dependent Poisson’s ratio were selected for the analysis: i) two-dimensional inverted (re-entrant) honeycomb and ii) two-dimensional cut missing-rib. Stress-strain relationships were established from a set of quasi-static compression experiments where the strain fields were evaluated using digital image correlation applied to measure the full-field displacements on the samples' surface. From the displacement fields true strain – true stress curves were derived for each sample and relative elastic moduli were evaluated.
P. Koudelka et al., "Deformation Mechanisms of Auxetic Microstructures for Energy Absorption Applications", Applied Mechanics and Materials, Vol. 821, pp. 428-434, 2016