Sintering and Densification Behavior of ZnO-Doped Y-TZP Ceramics
The effect on densification and mechanical properties of 3 mol% Y-TZP ceramics doped with zinc oxide (0.1 wt.% to 1 wt.%), has been investigated in this study. Green samples were compacted by uniaxial pressing and cold isostatically pressed at 200 MPa. All samples have been sintered over the temperature range of 1250°C to 1500°C with a ramp rate of 10°C/ minute and 2 hours of holding time. In addition to that, the tetragonal phase stability of the samples was also studied in superheated steam at 180°C/10 bar for up to 50 h. The sintered bodies were examined to determine the phase content, bulk density, Young’s modulus, Vickers hardness and fracture toughness. The results showed that the addition of 1 wt.% ZnO was effective in aiding densification (~99% theoretical density). It also improved the matrix stiffness (~208 GPa) and Vickers hardness (~13 GPa), when the samples were sintered below 1300°C comparing to the undoped Y-TZP sintered at the same temperature. In contrast, ZnO addition to the Y-TZP matrix displayed a tendency to change hydrothermal ageing behavior as it was noticed that the monoclinic content increased with increasing content of dopant. The undoped samples showed a better hydrothermal ageing behavior at 1300°C compared to the doped samples.
Abdul Nassir bin Ibrahim, Meor Yusoff Meor Sulaiman, Wan Saffiey Wan Abdullah, Mohd Reusmaazran Yusof, Amry Amin Abas and Khairiah Mohd Yazid
U. Sankar et al., "Sintering and Densification Behavior of ZnO-Doped Y-TZP Ceramics", Applied Mechanics and Materials, Vol. 83, pp. 197-203, 2011