Crack-Tip Shielding Effect on Fatigue Crack Propagation in Porous Silicon Carbide
A sharply notched specimen of porous silicon carbide with porosity of 37% was fatigued under four-point bending. The opening displacement of a fatigue crack was measured at several positions along cracks by using scanning electron microscopy. The crack propagation curve was divided into stages I, II, and III. The crack propagation rate first decreased with crack extension in stage I and became constant in stage II. In stage III, the crack propagation rate increased again. The range of crack opening displacement measured in SEM was lower than that calculated from the applied load range by FEM, suggesting that the anomalous variation of the crack propagation rate with crack extension was caused by crack-tip shielding due to crack face contact. The crack-tip stress intensity factor was estimated as a true crack driving force from the relation between the crack opening displacement and the applied load. The amount of crack-tip shielding increased very quickly with crack extension, reducing the crack-tip stress intensity factor in stage I. In stage II, the increasing applied stress intensity factor is balanced by the increase in the crack-tip shielding. The crack-tip stress intensity factor increases with crack extension in stage III.
Abdul Nassir bin Ibrahim, Meor Yusoff Meor Sulaiman, Wan Saffiey Wan Abdullah, Mohd Reusmaazran Yusof, Amry Amin Abas and Khairiah Mohd Yazid
K. Tanaka and Y. Kita, "Crack-Tip Shielding Effect on Fatigue Crack Propagation in Porous Silicon Carbide", Applied Mechanics and Materials, Vol. 83, pp. 28-34, 2011