A Study on Indoor Thermal Improvement of Container for Low Income Housing in Jakarta
This paper presents a study of thermal comfort of container for a low income flat in Jakarta. This study was conducted since the population of Jakarta is rapidly growing so that the provision of houses for inhabitants especially for low-income communities is necessary. One solution to resolve this issue is vertical housing that concern the sustainability development process; hence, the use of used container may become a suitable choice. However, the drawback of the container is made of aluminum which has high thermal conductivity and can cause poor indoor thermal comfort. This study, therefore, analysed a used container to investigate its indoor thermal comfort. In order to facilitate that objective, a simulation study was conducted. The simulation study consisted of two steps: (1) to simulate the indoor thermal comfort of the container without insulation and (2) to simulate the container after has been added by insulator materials and air gap between the materials. The results showed that by adding insulator materials and air gap as the second layer, the indoor thermal comfort can be improved up to 26%. This result is in the range of the third level of Standard National Indonesia (SNI) thermal comfort version.
Prof. Jongwan Hu
Y. Mariana et al., "A Study on Indoor Thermal Improvement of Container for Low Income Housing in Jakarta", Applied Mechanics and Materials, Vol. 835, pp. 408-415, 2016