Application of Intelligent Data Mining Method for Traffic Forecasting
Potential knowledge useful for traffic management optimization is hidden in a huge amount of data. Previous works use the prior data pattern labels to train the artificial neural network to attain the intelligent data mining models. The performance of the models suffers from the experts’ experience. To relieve the impact of the human factor, a new hybrid intelligent data mining model is proposed in this work based on self-organizing map (SOM) and support vector machine (SVM). The SOM was firstly used to capture the clustering information of the database through an unsupervised manner. Then the identified samples were treated as input to train the SVM. To optimize the SVM model, the particle swarm optimization (PSO) algorithm was employed to tune the SVM parameters and hence the satisfactory SVM data mining model was obtained. 2000 practical data sets from the Intelligent Transportation Systems (ITS) were applied to the validation of the proposed mining model. The analysis results show that the proposed method can extract the underlying rules of the testing data and can predict the future traffic state with the accuracy beyond 97%. Hence, the new SOM-PSO-SVM data mining model can provide practical application for the ITS.
Aimin Yang, Jingguo Qu and Xilong Qu
W. He and J. Xiong, "Application of Intelligent Data Mining Method for Traffic Forecasting", Applied Mechanics and Materials, Vols. 84-85, pp. 405-409, 2011