Rolling bearing is extensively used in various areas including shipbuilding, aircraft, mining, manufacturing, agriculture, etc. The breakdowns of the bearings may do unexpected hazardous to the machinery. Therefore, it is crucial for engineers and researchers to monitor the bearing conditions in time in order to prevent the malfunctions of the plants. Hence the vibration analysis accompanying other condition monitoring methodologies has been successfully used in the field of roller bearings fault diagnosis as well as other key components. The fault diagnosis method of roller bearing using vibration analysis was introduced in this paper. And the development trend of vibration analysis was presented. Meanwhile the main existing problems in fault diagnosis of roller bearing were discussed. It concludes that the integration of vibration analysis and other detection approach can provide effective and reliable fault diagnosis results.