Scientific Principles for Shaping Underground Infrastructure of Megacities


Article Preview

The basic notion underlying urban underground development is that underground space is a non-renewable resource, therefore planning its use must be done in a sustainable, environmentally-responsible manner with due account taken of economic, functional, social, and legal aspects. This paper addresses issues related to the planning, siting, design, construction, operation and maintenance of underground structures in the city of Moscow. The mechanism of the interaction between an underground structure and the surrounding rock masses is described. It is shown that underground engineering can be significantly enhanced through the use of expert systems. The paper also discusses the need for changes to the legal framework for the use of urban underground space.



Edited by:

Vladimír Křístek, Alexander N. Kravcov, Andrey V. Korchak and Vaclav Pospíchal




B. A. Kartozia and A. V. Korchak, "Scientific Principles for Shaping Underground Infrastructure of Megacities", Applied Mechanics and Materials, Vol. 843, pp. 17-24, 2016

Online since:

July 2016




[1] Underground Engineering for Sustainable Urban Development (2013), the National Academies Press, Washington, D.C. 2013, 230 pages.

[2] Abbas M. Hassan, Hyowon Lee (2015) Toward the Sustainable Development of Urban Areas: An Overview of Global Trends in Trials and Policies, Land Use Policy Volume 48, November 2015, pp.199-212.


[3] N. Bobylev, C. Rogers et. al. (2012) Sustainability Issues for Underground Space in Urban Areas, Urban Design and Planning #12, (2012).

[4] Sterling, R.L. Urban underground space use planning: a growing dilemma. In: Underground Space and Rock Mechanics: Proceedings of the 10th ACUUS Conference on Underground Space: Economy and Environment and the ISRM Regional Symposium on Rock Mechanics for Underground Environment, TA Engineering, 2005 Moscow.


[5] Huan-Qing Li, Aurèle Parriaux, Philippe Thalmann (2012).

[6] Report on Underground Solutions for Urban Problems (2012), ITA Report #011/ Apr 2012 ISBN 978-29700776-5-7.

[7] Korotaiev V.V. (2009) Underground Space Use in Moscow, Arkhitectura i Stroitelstvo Moskvy [Architecture and Construction of Moscow], 2009, No. 1 pp.39-44 (Russian).

[8] Ilyichev V.A., Mangushev R.A., Nikiforova N.S. (2012) Underground Space Development in Russian Megacities, Osnovaniye, fundamenty i mekhanika gruntov [Substructures, Foundations and Soil Mechanics], 2012, No. 2 pp.17-22 (in Russian).

[9] Bobylev N, Hunt DVL, Jefferson I, Rogers CDF, (2013).

[10] Levchenko A.N. (2005) Algorithm for Seeking Optimal Strategy of Design of Underground Structures, Obozreniye prikladnoi i promyshlennoi matematiki [Review of Applied and Industrial Mathematics], V. 12. No. 4, pp.1020-1021 (Russian).

[11] Osipov V.I. (2009) Geological Conditions of Urban Development in Moscow, MIR Publishers (in Russian).

[12] Kulikova E., Grishin A., Murin K. (2015) Geomonitoring in Urban Underground Construction, Moscow, Nikitsky Vorota Publishers (in Russian).

[13] Korchak A., Melnikova S., Shubik E., Tomilin A. (2013) Substantiation of Structure of Expert Systems for Underground Engineering Purposes, Nauchnyi vestnik MGGU [MGGU Science Bulletin] No. 9 (31), ISSN 2218-1458 (Russian).

[14] Levchenko A.N., Kartoziya B.A. Korchak A.V., Fedunets B.I., Dmitriev A.N. (2007).

[15] Petrov I.V., Kalinin A.R. (2008).