Influence of Water Vapor on Oxide Scale Morphology of Incoloy800HT at 850°C
This paper aims to report the influence of water vapor on thermal oxide scale grown on incoloy800HT at 850°C. Alloy was prepared in coupons with a surface finishing up to 1200 SiC abrasive paper. Oxidization was performed in tubular furnace at 850°C during 50 hours. The oxidizing gases were varied as a dry oxygen gas and a wet oxygen gas. Thermal oxide morphology was characterized by scanning electron microscopy (SEM). Oxide phases were identified by X-ray diffraction (XRD) and Raman spectroscopy techniques. The oxide multilayers were revealed in all the oxidized samples. Oxide spallation was obviously detected on the samples oxidized under a dry oxygen gas, whereas, the spallation was not detected on the samples oxidized under a wet oxygen gas. Moreover, by water vapor mixing gas, the alloy surface presented a finer oxide. XRD and Raman spectroscopy provided the coincident oxide identification results. The corundum oxide of (Fe,Cr)2O3 and the spinel oxide of (Fe,Cr)3O4 were identified as a typical thermal oxide, however, the oxides were different in stoichiometry. The existence of water vapor promoted a Cr2O3 corundum oxide, whereas, a Fe3O4 spinel oxide was hindered from the outer oxide layer. Hence, water vapor not only clearly influenced on oxide scale morphology but also affected on stoichiometry of (Fe,Cr)2O3 and (Fe,Cr)3O4 solid solution.
Prof. Mosbeh Kaloop
A. Srisrual et al., "Influence of Water Vapor on Oxide Scale Morphology of Incoloy800HT at 850°C", Applied Mechanics and Materials, Vol. 875, pp. 36-40, 2018