Hybrid Adhesives Filled with Functionalized and Non Functionalized Silica Nanoparticles


Article Preview

Hybrid adhesives epoxy-silica-zirconia were prepared and applied to bond aluminum sheet specimens. Silica nanoparticles were synthesized with the sol-gel “in situ” technique utilizing two different precursors, namely tetraethyl orthosilicate (TEOS) and 3 glycidyloxypropyltrimethoxysilane (GPTMS). Zirconia nanoparticles were prepared also with sol-gel technique and added to the hybrid adhesives before curing. The adhesive properties of the prepared materials were improved after performing several physical and chemical treatments to the aluminium specimens. The best apparent shear strength tests were for the adhesive hybrid materials prepared at 100°C with TEOS.



Edited by:

Prof. Mosbeh Kaloop




J. de J. Figueroa-Lara et al., "Hybrid Adhesives Filled with Functionalized and Non Functionalized Silica Nanoparticles", Applied Mechanics and Materials, Vol. 875, pp. 9-13, 2018

Online since:

January 2018




* - Corresponding Author

[1] B. B. Johnsen, A. J. Kinloch, R. D. Mohammed, A. C. Taylor & S. Sprenger, Toughening mechanisms of nanoparticle-modified epoxy polymers. Polymer, 48(2) (2007) 530-541.

DOI: https://doi.org/10.1016/j.polymer.2006.11.038

[2] J. Baller, N. Becker, M. Ziehmer, M. Thomassey, B. Zielinski, U. Müller & R. Sanctuary, Interactions between silica nanoparticles and an epoxy resin before and during network formation. Polymer, 50(14) (2009) 3211-3219.

DOI: https://doi.org/10.1016/j.polymer.2009.05.020

[3] G. W. Critchlow & D. M. Brewis. Review of surface pretreatments for aluminium alloys. Int. J. Adhes. Adhes. 16(4) (1996) 255-275.

[4] A. Baldan Adhesively-bonded joints and repairs in metallic alloys, polymers and composite materials: adhesives, adhesion theories and surface pretreatment. J. Mater. Sci. 39(1) (2004) 1-49.

DOI: https://doi.org/10.1023/b:jmsc.0000007726.58758.e4

[5] B. Unger, H. Jancke, M. Hähnert & H. Stade. The early stages of the sol-gel processing of TEOS. J. Sol-Gel Sci. Tech. 2(1-3) (1994) 51-56.

DOI: https://doi.org/10.1007/bf00486212

[6] G. Oskam, A. Nellore, R. L. Penn & P. C. Searson. The growth kinetics of TiO2 nanoparticles from titanium (IV) alkoxide at high water/titanium ratio. J. Phys. Chem. B, 107(8) (2003) 1734-1738.

DOI: https://doi.org/10.1021/jp021237f

[7] S. Shukla, S. Seal, R. Vij & S. Bandyopadhyay. Effect of HPC and water concentration on the evolution of size, aggregation and crystallization of sol-gel nano zirconia. J. Nanopart. Res. 4(6) (2002) 553-559.

[8] P. R. Underhill, A. N. Rider & D. L. DuQuesnay. Warm water treatment of aluminum for adhesive bonding. Int. J. Adhes. Adhes. 23(4) (2003) 307-313.

DOI: https://doi.org/10.1016/s0143-7496(03)00048-4

[9] B. B. Johnsen, K. Olafsen & A. Stori. Reflection-absorption FT-IR studies of the specific interaction of amines and an epoxy adhesive with GPS treated aluminium surfaces. Int. J. Adhes. Adhes. 23(2) (2003) 155-163.

DOI: https://doi.org/10.1016/s0143-7496(03)00008-3

[10] E. Paz, J. J. Narbón, J. Abenojar, M. Cledera, & J. C. Del Real Influence of acrylic adhesive viscosity and surface roughness on the properties of adhesive joint. J. Adhes. 92(11) (2016) 877-891.

DOI: https://doi.org/10.1080/00218464.2015.1051221

[11] A. J. Kinloch. The science of adhesion. J. Mater. Sci. 15(9) (1980) 2141-2166.

[12] D. Peerman, W. Tolberg & D. Floyd. Reaction of polyamide resins and epoxy resins. Ind. Eng. Chem. 49(7) (1957) 1091-1094.

DOI: https://doi.org/10.1021/ie50571a025