International Conference on Material Science and Engineering II

Volume 876

doi: 10.4028/www.scientific.net/AMM.876

Paper Title Page

Authors: Huu Vinh Nguyen, Tran Van Thuan, Sy Trung Do, Duy Trinh Nguyen, Dai Viet Nguyen Vo, Long Giang Bach
Abstract: We report the facial synthesis of BiVO4 crystals with different morphologies by the solvothermal and hydrothermal process. The phase structure and morphology as-synthesized samples were characterized by XRD, FE-SEM, and UV-vis DRS spectroscopy. We also investigated the photocatalytic activity of BiVO4 for the decomposition of rhodamine B (RhB) under visible light irradiation. The results showed that oliver-like BiVO4 was obtained when using the mixed solvent of ethylene glycol and water while starflower-like BiVO4 was obtained using the mixed solvent of ethylene glycol monomethyl ether and water. The hydrothermal evolution process the BiVO4 product with a rod-like morphology. Oliver-like BiVO4 with pure monoclinic scheelite phase and high specific surface area exhibits efficient photodegradation of RhB (k = 7.82x10-3 min-1).
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Authors: Van Thi Thanh Ho, Long Giang Bach, Dai Viet Nguyen Vo
Abstract: We report the new strategy by investigating the novel Ti0.7Mo0.3O2 material can just as easily be used as a conductive support for PtRu for DMFCs to prevent not only the carbon corrosion but also improved activity of catalyst due to some functional advantages of novel Ti0.7Mo0.3O2 support. The Ti0.7Mo0.3O2 nanoparticle have good crystallinity with well-defined fringes corresponding to the 3.45 Å spacing value of the {101} plane of anatase TiO2, which were good according to the XRD pattern. The BET surface area measurements showed that the Ti0.7Mo0.3O2 possessed 125 m2 g-1 Fig. 3 shows the TEM measurement of Ti0.7Mo0.3O2 nanoparticle and Pt/Ti0.7Mo0.3O2, it can be observed that spherical PtRu alloy particles with an average particle size of 2-4 nm were uniformly anchored on the surface of Ti0.7Mo0.3O2 support. More importantly, we found that there has a strong metal support interaction (SMSI) between the PtRu noble metal and the Ti0.7Mo0.3O2 support material - resulting in facile electron donation from the Ti0.7Mo0.3O2 support to PtRu metal with an ultimate drastic decrease in the d-band vacancy of Pt. Thus, the unique structural features of the Ti0.7Mo0.3O2 support and the PtRu/Ti0.7Mo0.3O2 catalyst appear to provide a suitable combination favoring that promise for the high performance of methanol oxidation, CO-tolerance in DMFCs.
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Authors: Tai Thien Huynh, At Van Nguyen, Hau Quoc Pham, Long Giang Bach, Van Thi Thanh Ho
Abstract: Noncarbon materials were recognized as the catalyst support to increase the durability of Proton Exchange Membrane Fuel Cells (PEMFC). One of the most noncarbon materials studied to be an emerging candidate for Pt nanoparticles (Pt NPs) support on the cathode side of PEMFC was M doped-TiO2 due to the highly stable structure of TiO2 and the good conductivity of M-doped TiO2. In this paper, the novel nanostructure Ti0.7Ir0.3O2 was prepared for the first time via low temperature hydrothermal process. The synthesis process for the new nanostructure Ti0.7Ir0.3O2 was studied in detail in this work. The impact of hydrothermal temperature as well as the reaction time on the dominant phase formation is extensively investigated in this work. We found that the Ti0.7Ir0.3O2 nanoparticles exist in both rutile and anatase phase. We found that the Ti0.7Ir0.3O2 nanoparticles with an irregular spherical shape with particle size of approximately 20-30nm with high crystallinity. In addition, we also found that the optimal condition to synthesize the Ti0.7Ir0.3O2 NPs is obtained at 210°C and 10 hours. The result not only introduces a promising catalyst support Ti0.7Ir0.3O2 for much needed fuel cells, but it also open a new material type of Ir doped TiO2.
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Authors: Benjawan Somchob, Somboon Sahasitthiwat, Rukkiat Jitchati
Abstract: Organic light emitting diodes (OLEDs) have been known for the next generation of display technology. In this work, we synthesized four benzo[d,e]chromene derivatives (BS01-BS04) varying the position of fluorine atom for OLED application. The compounds were characterized by 1H and 13C NMR, FTIR and mass spectroscopy. Their photoluminescence properties were studied which showed the thermally activated delayed fluorescence (TADF) character from intramolecular charged transfer (ICT) transition. The compounds were used as a dopant for OLEDs in the structure of ITO/NPB/BS01-BS04/Bphen/LiF/Al. The BS02 device exhibited green colour with the current efficiency at 1.28 cd/A and the power efficiency at 0.47 Im/W.
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Authors: Xiao Wan Yang, Xin Min Hao, Jian Ming Wang, Yan Bin Liu, Hong Liang Kang
Abstract: Hexanediamine adipate, pentanediamine adipate and bio-based pentanediamine adipate were prepared by adipic acid reaction with 1,6-hexanediamine, 1,5-pentanediamine and bio-based 1,5-pentanediamine, respectively. Their structures and thermal properties have been analyzed by infrared spectra, SEM, DSC and TGA. Infrared spectra showed the main differences between 1,6-hexanediamine and 1,5-pentanediamine for the deformation vibration and out of plane bending vibration of N−H. Hexanediamine adipate and pentanediamine adipate had the difference at the asymmetric stretching vibration of −COO-−. The crystal morphologies of hexanediamine adipate and pentanediamine adipate showed dendritic and acicular, respectively. The melting point of pentanediamine adipate, pentanediamine adipate and bio-based pentanediamine adipate were 208.0 °C, 182.3 °C and 182.9 °C, respectively. The polymerization of hexanediamine adipate, pentanediamine adipate and bio-based pentanediamine adipate happened at 201.0, 190.2 and 194.9 °C, respectively. And the decomposition temperature of PA66, PA56 and bio-based PA56 were 401.8, 403.5 and 405.2 °C, respectively.
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Authors: Tai Thien Huynh, Hau Quoc Pham, At Van Nguyen, Long Giang Bach, Son Truong Nguyen, Van Thi Thanh Ho
Abstract: The materials currently used in proton-exchange membrane fuel cells (PEMFCs) require complex control of operating conditions to make them sufficiently durable to permit commercial deployment. One of the major materials challenges to allow simplification of fuel cell operating strategies is the discovery of catalyst supports that are much more stable to oxidative decomposition than currently used carbon blacks. Here, we report the synthesis and characterization of advanced nanostructure Ti0.7W0.3O2 prepared via a low-temperature solvothermal process without using any surfactants or stabilizers. A promising doped metal oxide is a candidate for such a durable catalyst support. The synthesized nanoparticles were characterized by XRD, TEM measurements. Results show that Ti0.7W0.3O2 exists in a single-phase solid solution with anatase phase of TiO2. Interestingly, the average particles size approximately 5 nm that could be promised to have a large specific surface area, which is an extremely important factor for promising catalyst support. Moreover, Ti0.7W0.3O2 synthesized at 200 °C for 6 hours obtains the smaller particles size without particles agglomeration compared to previous researches. These results open a new approach for synthesis nanostructure Ti0.7W0.3O2 by a solvothermal process for further application as catalyst support in PEMFCs.
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Authors: Hoa Thai Ma, Van Thi Thanh Ho, Nguyen Bao Pham, Long Giang Bach, Tuan Dinh Phan
Abstract: Surface modification of activated carbon (AC) could be done through different methods in order to modify their specific physical and chemical properties to facilitate metals removal from wastewater. Three methods were used to modify the rice husk AC (RHAC) including the use of (1) HNO3, (2) dithizone and (3) the combination of HNO3 with dithizone. These modification agents were increased its affinity towards the desired pollutant. The modification methods demonstrated the effective process for the metal ions adsorption capability and the removal of them from water. For Ni2+ and Cd2+ adsorption, RHAC was modified by HNO3 giving the best adsorption capacity in comparison with using dithizone or the combination of HNO3 with dithizone. That adsorption was reached 17.23 mg/g for Ni2+ and 29.61 mg/g for Cd2+. Additionally, the surface area, which was characterized by BET (Brunauer–Emmett–Teller) of RHAC, was 710.8 m2/g and DA micropore volume was 0.447 (cm3/g). Especially, the only modified RHACs had the peak of N-H functional group by using Fourier transform infrared spectrum (FTIR). Besides, the only RHAC modification by HNO3 had peak of C=O. That significantly contributed to increase the metal ions adsorption capacity of RHAC.
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Authors: Jakub Hodul, Jana Hodná, Rostislav Drochytka
Abstract: Currently fillers for antibacterial layers in hygienic operations are mainly primary raw materials, whose properties are verified and well-known due to their long-term use. However, the use of proper secondary raw materials appears to be a good option from an environmental and economic point of view. This work assesses the possible adverse effects of specially treated secondary raw materials in relation to antibacterial properties, chemical resistance and Shore hardness of the antibacterial coating on an epoxy base (AC-E) providing no physiological damage. This coating reliably eliminates the widest possible range of bacteria and yeasts, has sustained effectiveness, consistent functionality over time, provides permanent protection and is suitable for use in healthcare facilities and food processing plants. Two kinds of transparent waste glass (NaSX, VLG) and two types of waste foundry sand (FSC, FSB) were tested, and all fillers were treated so that particle size was below 0.063 mm, including the reference filler (Dorsilit sand). On the basis of antibacterial resistance tests, Shore hardness and chemical resistance, it was assessed that the tested fillers may be effectively used for antibacterial coatings while maintaining the properties of the reference coating. Within the rapid testing of chemical resistance, the surface microstructure of the antibacterial coating was also examined after long-term exposure to aggressive organic and inorganic liquid media. When adding 30% and 35% of the selected waste fillers, the hardness and chemical resistance of the cured coating did not change. The treated waste fillers tested had no negative impact on the antibacterial properties of the coating and were judged to be appropriate fillers in place of Dorsilit silica sand or glass flakes.
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Authors: Ping Cheng Chen, Chung Long Pan, T.Y. Lai, T.U. Lin
Abstract: A design and simulation for L-shaped slot microstrip line antenna with semicircle defected ground structure has been researched, the main purpose is suppressing the existence of higher order harmonic. In this paper, simulated soft (Ansoft HFSS V.6.0) used to be simulated the frequency response under different parameters such as dimensions, amounts of SDGS. The results show good performance of SDGS in higher resonant frequency suppression. Final, an antenna with 2.4GHz center frequency had been design and fabricated.
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Authors: Sergey Egorov, Alexey Kapitanov, Dmitriy Loktev, Sergey Fedorov, Tatiana Egorova
Abstract: The article presents a study of a turbine blade profile and roughness measurement processes - the task facing any manufacturer of this part. The blade is one of the most complex regarding parts manufacture because of its complex profile. This profile should be measured in several sections on the feather on all profile elements - the suction side, pressure surface, leading and trailing edge of a blade. If the blade has a shroud platform, its profile should be also measured (and possibly the gland packing profile). It is also necessary to measure the feather end and base of blade profile. Finally, a separate independent task is the blade tang profile measurement.
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