The Study of Calcium Oxide from Cockle Shell Used as a Low-Cost Catalyzer for Biodiesel Production

Abstract:

Article Preview

In this paper, the cockle shell was studied as a catalyzer for biodiesel production. The cockle shell was heated at the various temperatures from 200 to 1300 °C for 4 h in the furnace. Then, the crystal structure and function group of unheated and heated cockle shell were characterized by X-ray diffraction (XRD) and Fourier transform infrared spectroscopy (FTIR), respectively. The results indicated that the initial phase of cockle shell is aragonite phase. After heat at 400 °C, the aragonite phase transformed to calcite phase. Moreover, the calcite phase of cockle shell was completely changed to calcium oxide (CaO) after heated at 800 °C. Eventually, the yield of biodiesel used the CaO derived from cockle shell were determined by nuclear magnetic resonance spectroscopy (NMR). The results show that the CaO derived from cockle shell can be used as a catalyzer of biodiesel preparation. However, the biodiesel used CaO from cockle shell after heated at 1100 to 1300 °C as a catalyzer have the higher yield than other heated temperature. Finally, the results of this research indicated that the CaO from cockle shell could be used as a catalyst for biodiesel production.

Info:

Periodical:

Edited by:

Dr. Noppakun Sanpo, Dr. Jirasak Tharajak and Dr. Paisan Kanthang

Pages:

108-112

Citation:

N. Nuamsrinuan et al., "The Study of Calcium Oxide from Cockle Shell Used as a Low-Cost Catalyzer for Biodiesel Production", Applied Mechanics and Materials, Vol. 879, pp. 108-112, 2018

Online since:

March 2018

Keywords:

Export:

Price:

$38.00

* - Corresponding Author

[1] W. Jian-Xun, C. Kung-Tung, W. Bi-Zhou, B.L. Yi-Hsien, C. Ching-Chang, Transesterification of soybean oil to biodiesel using cement as a solid catalyst, J. Taiwan Chem. Eng. 43 (2012) 215-219.

DOI: https://doi.org/10.1016/j.jtice.2011.08.002

[2] M. Thawatchai, K. Sibudjing, W. Chi-Hwa, Biomass gasification ash as a source of CaO catalyst for biodiesel production via transesterification palm oil, Energy Convers. Manage. 92 (2015) 234-243.

DOI: https://doi.org/10.1016/j.enconman.2014.12.057

[3] J. Boro, A.J. Thakur, D. Deka, Solid oxide derived from waste shell of turbonillid striatal as a renewable catalyst for biodiesel production, Fuel Process Technol. 92 (2011) 2061-(2067).

DOI: https://doi.org/10.1016/j.fuproc.2011.06.008

[4] K.S. Loh, N.Y. Choo, F.S. Cheng, N.A. Ma, Recovery and conversion of palm olein-derived used frying oil to methyl esters for biodiesel, J. Oil Palm Res. 18 (2006) 247-252.

[5] Z. Wei-Bo, Review on analysis of biodiesel with infrared spectroscopy, Renew. Sustainable Energy Rev. 16 (2012) 6048-6058.

[6] T. Muhammad, A. Saqib, A. Fiaz, A. Mushtaq, Z. Muhammad, K. Nasir, K.A. Mir, Identification, FT-IR, NMR (1H and 13C) and GC/MS studies of fatty acid methyl esters in biodiesel form rocket seed oil, Fuel Process Technol. 92 (2011) 336-341.

DOI: https://doi.org/10.1016/j.fuproc.2010.09.025

[7] U. Zahoor, A. B. Mohamad, M. Zakaria, Characterization of waste palm cooking oil for biodiesel production, Int. J. Chem. Eng. Appl. 5 (2014) 134-137.

DOI: https://doi.org/10.7763/ijcea.2014.v5.366

[8] C. Priyanka, R. Venkat, G.V. John, W. Tong, G. O. David, Thermogravimetric quantification of biodiesel produce via alkali catalyzed transesterification of soybean oil, Energy Fuels. 23 (2009) 989-992.

DOI: https://doi.org/10.1021/ef800668u