Removal of Phosphate from Wastewater Using Carbonized Filter Cake
The aim of this work was to study the potential of the agricultural waste byproduct as a low-cost adsorbent for removal of phosphate ion (PO43-) from synthetic wastewater. The simple preparation of carbonized filter cake (CFC) was performed at 550°C. CFC was also characterized using FTIR, X-ray fluorescence analysis. The adsorptive parameters of batch experiment, such as pH of solution, dosage and contact time were systematically studied in order to the optimization condition. The optimum conditions of pH, contact time and adsorbent dose were to be 6, 60 min, and 2 g/L, respectively. The Langmuir and Freundlich isotherms were used to calculate the adsorption parameters that was able to describe the equilibrium isotherm and adsorptive mechanism. The maximum monolayer adsorption capacity of CFC was estimated as 20.32 mg/g. The optimized condition was applied for phosphate removal from synthetic wastewater. The achieved phosphate removal efficiency from synthetic wastewater sample was to be 92.4%. Filter cake is a low-cost byproduct of sugar cane but it can also highly effective remove phosphate ion from aqueous solution. The modification of filter cake surface via chemical reaction as a new adsorbent in order to increase surface sites and high affinity with phosphate ion will also be further studied.
Dr. Noppakun Sanpo, Dr. Jirasak Tharajak and Dr. Paisan Kanthang
W. Chansuvarn "Removal of Phosphate from Wastewater Using Carbonized Filter Cake", Applied Mechanics and Materials, Vol. 879, pp. 125-130, 2018