Adsorption of Cadmium(II) Ion from Aqueous Solution onto a Raw Material of Bamboo Powder and its Surface Modification


Article Preview

This work was focused on evaluating the potential of bamboo powder modified with manganese oxide (MnO-BP) as a low-cost byproduct adsorbent for the adsorption of cadmium(II) ion. A batch method was carried out at room temperature and the optimized conditions. The optimization of adsorption parameters including pH, equilibrium time, dosage and initial Cd(II) concentration was also systematically studied for the removal of cadmium(II) ion. The maximum monolayer adsorption capacity of MnO-BP was estimated as 8.57 mg/g that it more adsorption capacity than untreated-bamboo powder by about 5 times. The Langmuir and the Freundlich isotherms were used to describe the adsorptive mechanism and calculated the maximum monolayer adsorption capacity. It was found that the data from MnO-BP fitted well to the Freundlich isotherm with R2>0.99. It indicated that the adsorptive behavior of MnO-BP to cadmium(II) ion is preferable. In this work, MnO-BP was used for the removal of cadmium(II) ion in wastewater sample. The MnO-BP is a low-cost adsorbent that can be used to remove cadmium(II) effectively.



Edited by:

Dr. Noppakun Sanpo, Dr. Jirasak Tharajak and Dr. Paisan Kanthang




W. Chansuvarn et al., "Adsorption of Cadmium(II) Ion from Aqueous Solution onto a Raw Material of Bamboo Powder and its Surface Modification", Applied Mechanics and Materials, Vol. 879, pp. 131-136, 2018

Online since:

March 2018




* - Corresponding Author

[1] M. Kumar, A. Puri, A review of permissible limits of drinking water, Indian J. Occup. Environ. Med. 16 (2012) 40-44.


[2] F. Fu, Q. Wang, Removal of heavy metal ions from wastewaters: A review, J. Environ. Manage. 92 (2011) 407-418.

[3] E. Cheraghi, E. Ameri, A. Moheb, Adsorption of cadmium ions from aqueous solutions using sesame as a low-cost biosorbent: kinetics and equilibrium studies, Int. J. Environ. Sci. Technol. 12 (2015) 2579-2592.


[4] F.Y. Wang, H. Wang, J.W. Ma, Adsorption of cadmium (II) ions from aqueous solution by a new low-cost adsorbent-bamboo charcoal, J. Hazard. Mater. 177 (2010) 300-306.


[5] N. Azouaou, Z. Sadaoui, A. Djaafri, H. Mokaddem, Adsorption of cadmium from aqueous solution onto untreated coffee grounds: Equilibrium, kinetics and thermodynamics, J. Hazard. Mater. 184 (2010) 126-134.


[6] M.M. Ghoneim, H.S. El-Desoky, K.M. El-Moselhy, A. Amer, E.H.A. El-Naga, L.I. Mohamedein, A.E. Al-Prol, Removal of cadmium from aqueous solution using marine green algae, Ulva lactuca, Egypt. J. Aquat. Res. 40 (2014) 235-242.


[7] P. Chand, A.K. Shil, M. Sharma, Y.B. Pakade, Improved adsorption of cadmium ions from aqueous solution using chemically modified apple pomace: Mechanism, kinetics, and thermodynamics, Int. Biodeter. Biodegra. 90 (2014) 8-16.


[8] A. Shahidi, N. Jalilnejad, E. Jalilnejad, A study on adsorption of cadmium(II) ions from aqueous solution using Luffa cylindrical, Desalin Water Treat. 53 (2015) 3570-3579.


[9] M. Harja, G. Buema, L. Bulgariu, Du. Bulgariu, D. M. Sutiman, G. Ciobanu, Removal of cadmium(II) from aqueous solution by adsorption onto modified algae and ash, Korean J. Chem. Eng. 32 (2015) 1804-1811.


[10] H. Guo, S. Zhang, Z. Kou, S. Zhai, W. Ma, Y. Yang, Removal of cadmium(II) from aqueous solutions by chemically modified maize straw, Carbohydr. Polym. 115 (2015) 177-185.


[11] W. Chansuvarn, Modification of natural clay surface with manganese-oxide for removal of cadmium(II) ion from aqueous solution, Appl. Mec. Mater. 866 (2017) 124-127.


[12] T. He, Z. Li, Y. Gong, The preparation and phosphate adsorption experiments of new modified bamboo powder, Adv. Mater. Res. 1081 (2015) 20-24.


[13] M.R. Hartono, A. Assaf, G. Thouand, A. Kushmaro, X. Chen, R.S. Marks, Use of bamboo powder waste for removal of bisphenol A in aqueous solution, Water Air Soil Poll. 226 (2015)1-11.


[14] Y.S. Al-Degs, M.F. Tutunju, R.A. Shawabkeh, The feasibility of using diatomite and Mn-diatomite for remediation of Pb2+, Cu2+, and Cd2+ from water, Separ. Sci. Technol. 35 (2000) 2299-2310.