An Artificial Intelligence Approach for Online Optimization of Flexible Manufacturing Systems

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This paper addresses the problem of efficiently operating a flexible manufacturing machine in an electricity micro-grid featuring a high volatility of electricity prices. The problem of finding the optimal control policy is formulated as a sequential decision making problem under uncertainty where, at every time step the uncertainty comes from the lack of knowledge about fu-ture electricity consumption and future weather dependent energy prices. We propose to address this problem using deep reinforcement learning. To this purpose, we designed a deep learning architecture to forecast the load profile of future manufacturing schedule from past production time series. Combined with the forecast of future energy prices, the reinforcement-learning algorithm is trained to perform an online optimization of the production ma-chine in order to reduce the long-term energy costs. The concept is empirical-ly validated on a flexible production machine, where the machine speed can be optimized during the production.

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Jörg Franke, Michael Scholz and Annika Höft

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96-108

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J. Bakakeu et al., "An Artificial Intelligence Approach for Online Optimization of Flexible Manufacturing Systems", Applied Mechanics and Materials, Vol. 882, pp. 96-108, 2018

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July 2018

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