Hydrogen Sulfide Removal by Iron Oxide-Based Clay from Biogas for Community Use

Abstract:

Article Preview

The purpose of this study was to absorb the hydrogen sulfide (H2S) produced by biogas system for local community six absorbents, namely activated carbon, shredded rusty iron and iron oxide-based clay with 4 different size distributions that were tested by employing Completely Randomized Design (CRD). The results showed that iron oxide-based clay from a groundwater supply with smallest size (8.73 mm in diameter) was the most effective absorbent in removing the H2S judging by security level of biogas users and security level of the engine of 368 and 406 minutes, respectively. However, the security level of the engine of the smallest iron oxide was not significantly different from that of medium size (12 mm in diameter) in 325 minutes. For the durability of absorbent determined from H2S was less than 500 ppm, the iron oxide with the smallest size was also effective with the best removal (506 minutes) but was not significantly different from those of the medium size (491 minutes) and the mixed size (435 minutes). Therefore, the smallest iron oxide-based clay was selected for the technology transfer to rubber tree farmers and fishermen in the south of Thailand.

Info:

Periodical:

Edited by:

Ruangdet Wongla

Pages:

159-165

Citation:

C. Mingchai et al., "Hydrogen Sulfide Removal by Iron Oxide-Based Clay from Biogas for Community Use", Applied Mechanics and Materials, Vol. 886, pp. 159-165, 2019

Online since:

January 2019

Export:

Price:

$41.00

* - Corresponding Author

[1] Singh, N. and Gupta, R.K. 1990. Community biogas plants in India. Journal of Biological Wastes. 32: 149-153Community biogas plants in India.

DOI: https://doi.org/10.1016/0269-7483(90)90079-8

[2] Andriani, D., Wresta, A. and Atmaja, T.D. 2014. A review on optimization production and upgrading biogas through CO2 removal using various techniques. Applied Biochem Biotechnol. 172: 1909-1928.

DOI: https://doi.org/10.1007/s12010-013-0652-x

[3] Moosavi, R.G., Naddafi, K., Mesdaghinia, A., Vaezi, F. and Mahmoudi, M. 2005. H2S removal in an oxidation packed bed scrubber using different chemical oxidation. Journal of Applied Sciences. 5: 651-654.

DOI: https://doi.org/10.3923/jas.2005.651.654

[4] The American National Standards Institute standard. 2013. Acceptable Concentrations of Hydrogen Sulfide. [On-line]. Available: http://cogcc.state.co.us/documents/ library/.../h2s_20110919.pdf 25 September (2013).

[5] Tee L. Guidotti. 2010. Hydrogen sulfide advances in understanding human toxicity. International Journal of Toxicology. 29: 569-581.

DOI: https://doi.org/10.1177/1091581810384882

[6] World Health Organization. 2003. Hydrogen Sulphide: Human Health Aspects. Geneva: The Inter-Organization Programme for the Sound Management of Chemicals.

[7] Nishimura, S. and Yoda, M. 1997. Removal of Hydrogen Sulfide from an Aerobic Biogas Using a Bio-scrubber. International Journal of Water Science and Technology. 36: 349-456.

DOI: https://doi.org/10.2166/wst.1997.0610

[8] Sitthikhankaew, R., Predapitakkun, S., Kiattikomol, R. Pumhiran, S. Assabumrungrat S., and Laosiripojana, N. 2011. Comparative study of hydrogen sulfide adsorption by using alkaline impregnated activated carbons for hot fuel gas purification. Proceeding 9th Eco-Energy and Materials Science and Engineering (Emses), Thailand.

DOI: https://doi.org/10.1109/cet.2011.6041502

[9] Tangtaweewipat, S., Songsee,. O. and Cheva-Isarakul, B. 2013. Diminishing of hydrogen sulfide from biogas for community use. Khon Kaen Agricultural Journal 40: 201-204.

[10] Yongde, P., Heampong, S. and Tawkaew S. 2011. Removal of hydrogen sulfide in biogas by absorption process. Nakhon Nayok : Faculty of Engineering, Srinakharinwirot.

[11] Andrea M. S. 2010. A Novel and Cost-effective Hydrogen Sulfide Removal Technology Using Tire Derived Rubber Particles. Iowa State University: Graduate Theses and Dissertations. Paper 11281.Water Science and Technology Volume 36, Issues 6–7, 1997, Pages 349-356.

DOI: https://doi.org/10.31274/etd-180810-4447

[12] Tanusilp, V. and Laowansiri, S. 2012. Hydrogen sulfide removal from biogas by activated carbon and iron. Proceedings of the 9th Kasetsart University Kamphaeng Saen Campus Conference, Thailand.

[13] Thailand Institute of Nuclear Technology (Public Organization). 2014. Analysis report. (6187/2557). Nakhorn Nayok : Thailand Institute of Nuclear Technology (Public Organization).

[14] Mingchai, C., Sakunphun, S., Palas, S. and Samposie, S. 2015. Hydrogen sulfide removal set in biogas: Social enterprise for small scale farmer (In Thai). Area Based Development Research Journal. 7: 47-58.

[15] Prathomravee K. 2002. Removal of Hydrogen Sulfide from biogas using Potassium Permanganate impregnated activated carbon. Songkla: Prince of Songkla University.

[16] Rogers, E. M. 2003. Diffusion of Innovations. 5th5TH ed. New York: Free Press.

[17] Rogers, E. M. A prospective and retrospective look at diffusion model, Journal of Health Communication, 9(1), (2004) 13-19.

[18] Mingchai C. and Sangmanee P. 2011. Decision process for adoption of biogas technology for the sustainable development in Uttaradit province, Thailand. Proceeding in 10th International Conference on Sustainable Energy Technologies, 4-7 Sep. 2011, Istanbul, Turkiye.