Total Phenolic Content and Free Radical Scavenging Activity of Nelumbo nucifera Gaertn.
All parts of N. nucifera are used as oriental medicine for various medicinal purposes. The aimed of this study was to determine phenolic compound and antioxidant activity of different parts of three lotus (N. nucifera including of Roseum Plenum (RP), Album Plenum (AP), and Hindu Lotus (HL)). Total phenolic content using Folin-Ciocalteu reagent method and free radical scavenging activities using DPPH assay were determined. Three deferent parts of lotus (leaves, stem, and flower) were determined. The result indicated that Roseum Plenum leaf showed the highest total phenolic contents and Roseum Plenum flower showed the highest antioxidant activities. Total phenolic content of different part of different of N. nucifera showed a significant difference (p < 0.05). It also was not uniform when compare between different of N. Nucifera. The results found that the total phenolic content was the opposite of antioxidant activity. This result may be attributed to antioxidant activity may not be from phenolic content. Therefore, it is important to research and develop the potential of lotus extraction in the future.
K. Jarmkom et al., "Total Phenolic Content and Free Radical Scavenging Activity of Nelumbo nucifera Gaertn.", Applied Mechanics and Materials, Vol. 886, pp. 52-55, 2019