Abstract: Our study aims to develop a small handy low-cost viscometer for nursing care food management. There are many methods to measure the viscosity of a fluid. In this research, the rotational viscometer employing the observer-based method instead of the actual torque transducer has been developed. The digitally controlled motor has been used to estimate the viscosity in real time with high accuracy. In order to verify the effectiveness of the developed viscosity estimation method, a prototype viscometer has been constructed and tested the viscosity estimation accuracy with standard liquids. As a result, the viscosity accuracy is equivalent to that of the conventional torque transducer-equipped viscometer.
Abstract: Dynamic-error caused by the mass attached to the sensing part of a force transducer is experimentally investigated using the Levitation Mass Method (LMM), in which the dynamic-force applied to the force transducer is measured based on the definition of force, i.e. the product of mass and acceleration. It is experimentally proved that the change in the dynamic correction coefficient (DCC) is proportional to the additional mass as expected by the theory. The effective mass and the effective spring constant of the transducer with the additional mass are estimated from the experimental result. It is experimentally proved that the DCC for the transducer with the additional mass can be calculated using the estimated properties, i.e. the effective mass and the effective spring constant, and the dynamic-error can be corrected with the calculated DCC.
Abstract: In this paper, we propose an efficient SD-to-RCSD recoding circuit structure on modulo. This structure is based on the parallel prefix addition circuit, that is, a carry for each digits is precalculated in parallel.
Abstract: We have proposed a method to obtain the electron density and effective atomic number from the attenuation coefficients of multi-energy X-rays. The simulations were performed using NIST’s database and demonstrate that our approach can facilitate electron density measurements within accuracy of 1% in a human body. The proposed method exhibited an improvement in the accuracy of electron density measurements, which were obtained from experimental linear attenuation coefficients using a conventional laboratory X-ray source with energy spectrum.
Abstract: This paper describes a physically based maximum electric field model of laterally diffused MOSFET (LDMOS) transistors under the condition of high current injection effect used for reliability and aging simulations. LDMOSFETs work under high-voltage and large-current biases, where electric field increases with the biases at the gate edge. We present formulations, implementations into SPICE simulators and measurement verifications of our physically based maximum electric field model.