Study on Safe Thickness of Comparatively Intact Rock Ahead of Karst Tunnel Face
Under the effect of water pressure in karst cave before tunnel face, water inrush happens when excavation face enters into the minimal value of safe thickness. Aiming at comparatively intact rock ahead of karst tunnel face, rock wall often appears to be tensile fracture. With some hypotheses, a mechanical model of water inrush for tunnel face instability has been established, furthermore, the analytical expression to calculate safe thickness of rock wall has been given based on the criteria of tension strength through elastical theories. Combined with Maluqing tunnel in Yiwan line, applicability and reliability of formula is discussed.
J. Q. Guo et al., "Study on Safe Thickness of Comparatively Intact Rock Ahead of Karst Tunnel Face", Applied Mechanics and Materials, Vols. 90-93, pp. 2456-2459, 2011