Study on Key Technology in the Control Surveying of Jinan-Qingdao Highway’s South Line
The south line of Jinan Qingdao highway (which is short of Ji-Qing south line) spans 281km, whose geomorphy is mainly composed by mountain lands and hills. Approximately, it runs from east to west and straddles several projection zones. Systemic conformance of its layout and measurement, high precision in company with multifunctional planes and vertical control nets make up this project’s key technological problems. The report tells of the selection of central meridian in different areas of Ji-Qing south line and the layout, observation, adjustment, height fitting and precision statistics of GPS control network; the layout, observation, adjustment and precision counting of vertical control nets; Meanwhile, it analyses and discusses that how to guarantee the systemic conformance of coordinate system and vertical datum, together with eliminating the division of points’ coordinates and elevation values’ steps when primary survey design are being made synchronously in two super highways or in different areas of the same expressway.
D. B. Wang and X. L. Fang, "Study on Key Technology in the Control Surveying of Jinan-Qingdao Highway’s South Line", Applied Mechanics and Materials, Vols. 90-93, pp. 2853-2857, 2011