Modeling of Headloss Development in Biological Aerated Filter (BAF) —Ⅰ. Equations Development
Biological Aerated Filter (BAF) has been global applied in secondary and tertiary wastewater treatment process in the past decades. As the increasing application of BAF, it was required to get deeper understanding of the operational discipline, parameter optimization and structural characteristics of BAF to improve the treatment efficiency and to operate stability constantly. In this paper, a physical filtration equation of clean filter bed was established firstly based on an average porosity ratio equation and Kozeny-Carman filtration equation. And then the influence of biological oxidation and biofilm development were introduced, of which the Eckenfelder mode and oxygen transfer were considered, to induce a hybrid physical- biologically equation to describe the headloss development in the BAF.
Q. Liu et al., "Modeling of Headloss Development in Biological Aerated Filter (BAF) —Ⅰ. Equations Development", Applied Mechanics and Materials, Vols. 90-93, pp. 2965-2968, 2011