In this paper, Ground deformation in shield tunneling construction is researched. It is put forward that ground deformation is caused by three reasons, which are ground loss, the positive thrust and the friction. By solving the three-part respectively, the three-dimensional solution formula can be obtained after superposing these. This method is used to calculate the tunnel construction phase at any point in the level of vertical settlement and horizontal displacement. As shown in analytical calculation, the predicted ground displacements of this method are in good agreement with the measured values.