Aspects of Ecodesign when Designing a Retort with Decreased Emissions in the Production of Biochar
The paper pinpoints the important aspects of ecodesign when designing a retort with decreased emissions in the production of biochar. When designing changes in the construction of equipment for the production of biochar, the requirements for minimum material and energy demands and the need to reduce emissions to the environment were taken into account. In the pyrolysis processes for the production of biochar, we mainly monitored the following inputs and outputs from/to the environment using life cycle analysis and ecodesign. When the decreasing emissions aspect was not included in an ecodesign, the measurements showed standard damage to the atmosphere characteristic for the production of biochar. The results of measuring emissions from the production of biochar in a retort with decreased emissions showed a significant decrease in emissions. Designs take into consideration the need to minimise the local materials available for the production of equipment for the production of biochar and the availability of raw materials for biochar (mainly accessible and suitable waste). The overall environmental profile (assessment) of biochar is improving based on this construction and conceptual design. Using such a strategic approach, other applications for ecodesign, inventory analysis and assessment of the life cycle of biochar are possible.
Juraj Ladomerský, Karol Balog, Jozef Martinka, Emília Hroncová and Janka Dibdiaková
J. Mitterpach et al., "Aspects of Ecodesign when Designing a Retort with Decreased Emissions in the Production of Biochar", Advanced Materials Research, Vol. 1001, pp. 3-14, 2014