Analysis of the Temperature Evolution during Lined Pipe Welding
A numerical analysis of thermal phenomena occurring during lined-pipe welding is presented in this paper. Numerical models of surfaces and volumetric heat sources were used to predict the time evolution of the temperature field both in a corrosion-resistance-alloy (CRA) liner, made of SUS304 stainless steel (SS), and for the single-pass girth welding of a carbon-manganese (C-Mn) steel pipe. Using the finite-element code ABAQUS, three-dimensional non-liner heat-transfer analyses was carried out to simulate the gas-tungsten-arc (GTA) welding process used in liner welding and the metal-inert-gas (MIG) welding process consumed in C-Mn steel backing welding. FORTRAN user subroutines were coded to implement the movable welding heat source and heat transfer coefficient models. The thermal history was numerically computed at locations where circumferential angles from the welding start/atop position are 90°, 180° and 270° with respect to axial distances from the weld centerline (WC). Keywords: Finite element analysis FEA, CRA Liner, C-Mn steel backing, Heat source, Thermal history.
Dashnor Hoxha, Francisco E. Rivera and Ian McAndrew
O. Obeid et al., "Analysis of the Temperature Evolution during Lined Pipe Welding", Advanced Materials Research, Vol. 1016, pp. 753-757, 2014