Properties and Structure of Micro Porous Mullite-Corundum Refractory with High Strength
Mullite- corundum ceramic was fabricated using bauxite and silica fume as raw materials by gel-casting process. The fluidity of the slurry, as well as strength, apparent porosity, pore size distribution, phase composition and microstructure of sintered specimen were studied. The results showed that: the slurry had low viscosity, good fluidity for casting if pH=9, dispersant 0.33wt% and solid content 60vol%; the strength of material came up to 165MPa even if the apparent porosity was about 30%; the samples were characterized by mullite 70%, corundum 22%, rutile 3%, glass phase only 5%, the size of majority grains was about 2μm, and most crystals with high melting point bonded directly; the average aperture was 264nm, the pore size distribution were divided into 2~30nm, 45~60nm and 1500~4000nm three regions. The distribution probability of nano- aperture was the largest, the volume of micron -aperture was the maximum, but all pores were less than 4μm in diameter, which suggested that the materials had micro porous characteristics. The microcrystalline, crystals combined directly and micro porous structure leaded to high strength of the refractory materials together.
Wei Pan and Jianghong Gong
J. Wu et al., "Properties and Structure of Micro Porous Mullite-Corundum Refractory with High Strength", Advanced Materials Research, Vols. 105-106, pp. 23-26, 2010