Application of DSC Technique in Study of Glass Ceramic
Glass-ceramics with desired microstructures and properties are controlled by nucleation and crystallization. The nucleation and crystallization of glass, which include the nucleation, crystal growth rates and the activation energy, are important in understanding the stability of glass in practical applications. The activation energy of crystallization (E) plays an important role in determining the utility of glass ceramic. The amorphous to crystalline transformation in glass can be investigated by isothermal and non-isothermal method which is differential scanning calorimetric (DSC). In the isothermal method, the sample is measured as a function of time, while in the non-isothermal method the sample is recorded as a function of temperature. An advantage of the non-isothermal method is the possibility of reaching a test temperature instantaneously and during the time, which system needs to stabilize. However, the isothermal method does not have this advantage. In the present work, this technique was used to calculate the activation energy of CaO-Al2O3-SiO2-CeO2 glass-ceramics. DSC technique can be used as to determine the optimum heat treatment temperature. The advantage of the DSC technique in study of glass-ceramics is that it requires much less time.
Wei Pan and Jianghong Gong
L. J. Qu et al., "Application of DSC Technique in Study of Glass Ceramic", Advanced Materials Research, Vols. 105-106, pp. 743-745, 2010