Effect of Sintering Temperature on the Dielectric Properties of Pb(Zr0.52Ti0.48)O3 Ceramics Synthesized via High Planetary Ball Mill


Article Preview

The properties of Pb(Zr0.52Ti0.48)O3 (PZT) ceramics have been studied. PZT ceramic powders were successfully prepared by high planetary ball mill method under different milling time and then were sintered at different sintering temperature. The raw materials of PbO, ZrO2 and TiO2, powders were ball milled at 40 and 60 hours using high planetary mill. The mixing powders then were compacted and sintered at 950°C and 1200°C. Formations of the perovskite phase along with some secondary phase were seen after 40 and 60 hours of milling while single phase formation of PZT was seen after sintered at both sintering temperatures. The grain size of the samples becomes larger with the increasing temperature. In dielectric properties analysis, the dielectric constants were reduced due to increasing sintering temperature. Meanwhile, the loss tangents increased with sintering temperature.



Edited by:

Hasan Zuhudi Abdullah, Rosniza Hussin, Mas Fawzi Mohd Ali, Hariati Mohd Taib, Sufizar Ahmad, Ainun Rahmahwati Ainuddin, Hamimah Abdul Rahman, Mohamed Nasrul Mohd Hatta, Wan Nur Azrina Wan Muhammad, Shahruddin Mahzan, Maizlinda Izwana Idris et al.




M. F. Ab Rahman et al., "Effect of Sintering Temperature on the Dielectric Properties of Pb(Zr0.52Ti0.48)O3 Ceramics Synthesized via High Planetary Ball Mill", Advanced Materials Research, Vol. 1087, pp. 167-171, 2015

Online since:

February 2015




* - Corresponding Author

[1] L.B. Kong, J. Ma, H.T. Huang, W. Zhu and O.K. Tan, Lead zirconate titanate ceramics derived from oxide mixture treated by a high-energy ball milling process, Materials Letters. 50 (2001) 129-133.

DOI: https://doi.org/10.1016/s0167-577x(00)00429-8

[2] S.S. Chnadratreya, R.M. Fulrath, and J.A. Pask, Reaction mechanisms in the formation of PZT solid solutions, Journal of American Ceramic Society. 64 (1981) 422-425.

[3] B. Praveenkumar, H.H. Kumar, D.K. Kharat and B.S. Murty, Investigation and characterization of La-doped PZT nanocrystalline ceramic prepared by mechanical activation route, Materials Chemistry and Physics. 112 (2008) 31-34.

DOI: https://doi.org/10.1016/j.matchemphys.2008.04.009

[4] S.H. Lee, C.B. Yoon, S.B. Seo and H.E. Kim, Effect of lanthanum on the piezoelectric properties of lead zirconate titanate–lead zinc niobate ceramics. Journal of Materials Research, 18 (2003) 1765-1770.

DOI: https://doi.org/10.1557/jmr.2003.0245

[5] C. Moure, M. Villegas, J.F. Fernandez, and P. Duran, Microstructural and piezoelectric properties of fine grained PZT ceramics doped with donor and/or acceptor cations, Ferroelectrics. 127 (1992) 113-118.

DOI: https://doi.org/10.1080/00150199208223356

[6] V. Kalem, İ. Çam and M. Timuçin, Dielectric and piezoelectric properties of PZT ceramics doped with strontium and lanthanum, Ceramics International. 37 (2011) 1265-1275.

DOI: https://doi.org/10.1016/j.ceramint.2010.12.003

[7] Z. Branković, G. Branković and J.A. Varela, PZT ceramics obtained from mechanochemically synthesized powders, Journal of Materials Science: Materials in Electronics. 14(1) (2003) 37-41.

DOI: https://doi.org/10.1023/a:1021527615661

[8] L.B. Kong, J. Ma, W. Zu, O.K. Tan, Highly enhanced sinterability of commercial PZT powders by high-energy ball milling, Materials Letters. 46 (2000) 274-280.

DOI: https://doi.org/10.1016/s0167-577x(00)00185-3

[9] B.D. Stojanovic: Mechanochemical synthesis of ceramic powders with perovskite structure, Journal of Materials Processing Technology. 143–144 (2003) 78-81.

DOI: https://doi.org/10.1016/s0924-0136(03)00323-6

[10] L.B. Kong, W. Zhu and O.K. Tan, Preparation and characterization of Pb(Zr0. 52Ti0. 48)O3 ceramics from high-energy ball milling powders, Materials Letters. 42 (2000) 232-239.

DOI: https://doi.org/10.1016/s0167-577x(99)00190-1

[11] J. Xue, D. Wan, S.E. Lee and J. Wang, Mechanochemical synthesis of lead zirconate titanate from mixed oxides: Journal of American Ceramic Society. 82 (1999) 1687-1692.

DOI: https://doi.org/10.1111/j.1151-2916.1999.tb01987.x

[12] W.D. Callister, Materials Science and Engineering: An Introduction, John Wiley & Sons, New York, (2007).