Relation between Porosity and Permeability of Ceramic Membrane Supports
A membrane support provides mechanical strength to a membrane top layer to withstand the stress induced by the pressure difference applied over the entire membrane and must simultaneously have a low resistance to the filtrate flow. Due to their low thermal-expansion coefficient and good thermal-shock resistance as well as excellent mechanical and chemical stability at elevated temperatures, porous SiC ceramics have been widely used as catalyst supports and hot-gas or molten-metal filters. In this work, the influence of the particle size, sintering time and sintering temperature on the porosity and permeability of supports made by dry-pressing of micron-sized SiC powders is investigated. The present work presents a comparison of properties and performance data for samples made with different particle size. The effects of sintering time and temperature were analyzed in view of overall porosity and permeability. From calculations it becomes clear that optimum values exist for the material properties of the support.
Masayuki Nogami, Riguang Jin, Toshihiro Kasuga and Wantai Yang
L. Liang et al., "Relation between Porosity and Permeability of Ceramic Membrane Supports", Advanced Materials Research, Vols. 11-12, pp. 39-42, 2006