Structural Chemistry of Alkaline Earth Aluminate Phosphors
Crystal structures of SrAl2O4, BaAl2O4 and their solid solutions have been reviewed in terms of the linkage pattern of [AlO4] tetrahedra. With SrAl2O4 the hexagonal-to-monoclinic phase transformation occurs at 950K during cooling. The space group change from P63 to its subgroup P21 eliminates the triad axis of the former phase, which involves a reduction in the symmetry of the trigonally distorted rings. The hexagonal structures of SrAl2O4 and BaAl2O4 differ distinctly in the linkage pattern of the [AlO4] tetrahedra. In the former structure, all of the tetrahedral rings are equivalent. In the latter, there are two types of tetrahedral rings; trigonal rings and asymmetrical ones. The trigonal rings, comprising 25% of the total number of rings, contain in their centers the Ba atoms with the special position. This implies that the triad axes exist in the centers of the rings, and hence they are distorted trigonally as in the hexagonal SrAl2O4. On the other hand, the Ba atoms in the asymmetrical rings are located at the general position site. The structural disorder in Ba0.6Sr0.4Al2O4 (space group P6322) was investigated by the combined use of Rietveld method and maximum-entropy method. The electron density distribution was satisfactorily expressed by the split-atom model, in which the strontium/barium and oxygen atoms were split to occupy the lower symmetry sites.
Masayuki Nogami, Riguang Jin, Toshihiro Kasuga and Wantai Yang
K. Fukuda, K. Fukushima, T. Iwata, "Structural Chemistry of Alkaline Earth Aluminate Phosphors", Advanced Materials Research, Vols. 11-12, pp. 43-46, 2006