Preparation of Nanocrystalline Copper Powders by Aqueous Reduction
This paper aims at a simple preparation method of nanocrystalline copper powders through copper sulfate reduction by potassium borohydride in aqueous solution. The product powders obtained in various conditions were investigated by X-ray powder diffraction, transmission electron microscope and particle size distribution analyzer. The parameters that influence the preparation process of copper crystalline were researched, such as the effect of complexing agent, the molar ratio of copper sulfate to potassium borohydride and the quantity of protective polymer. Finally, the preferable reaction conditions were determined, and well-dispersed nanocrystalline copper powders with average diameter of 28.4nm were obtained.
Masayuki Nogami, Riguang Jin, Toshihiro Kasuga and Wantai Yang
Y. Qin et al., "Preparation of Nanocrystalline Copper Powders by Aqueous Reduction", Advanced Materials Research, Vols. 11-12, pp. 575-578, 2006