Microstructure and Formation Mechanism of Carbon Nanotubes Filled with Metallic Silver Nanowires
The filling of multi-walled carbon nanotubes with metallic silver nanowires via wet chemistry method was investigated. The carbon nanotubes were filled with long continuous silver nanowires. The carbon nanotubes were almost opened and cut after being treated with concentrated nitric acid. Silver nitrate solution filled carbon nanotubes by capillarity. Carbon nanotubes were filled with silver nanowires after calcinations by hydrogen. The diameters of silver nanowires were in the range of 20-40 nm, and lengths of 100 nm - 10 μm. We studied the micromorphology of the silver nanowires filled in carbon nanotubes by transmission electron microscopy (TEM) and X-ray diffraction (XRD). Based on the experimental results, a formation mechanism of the Ag nanowire-filled carbon nanotubes was proposed.
Masayuki Nogami, Riguang Jin, Toshihiro Kasuga and Wantai Yang
X. Li, D. L. Zhao, Z. M. Shen, "Microstructure and Formation Mechanism of Carbon Nanotubes Filled with Metallic Silver Nanowires", Advanced Materials Research, Vols. 11-12, pp. 587-590, 2006