Organization of Photosynthetic Antenna Complex in Lipid Bilayers
Bacterial photosynthetic antenna complexes are composed of α-helical hydrophobic polypeptides and pigments (e.g., bacteriochlorophyll a). We report here self-assembling properties of an engineered hydrophobic polypeptide with zinc-substituted bacteriochlorophyll a ([Zn]-BChl a) in various lipid bilayer to investigate the effect of lipid species on the self-assembling properties. When the polypeptide and [Zn]-BChl a were mixed in surfactant solution (n-octyl β-D-glucopyranoside: OG) at 25°C, the absorption band [Zn]-BChl a was red-shifted from 770 to 812 nm, that is assignable to quasi-dimeric “subunit-type” complex. By subsequent dilution and cooling of the solution, the absorption band further red-shifted to 836 nm indicative for progressed assembly, ‘LH1-type’ complex. When the subunit-type complex was assembled in lipid bilayer, e.g., phosphatidylcholines (PC’s) and phosphatidylglycerol (PG’s), the assembling property to form LH1-type complex prominently depended on the character of their fatty acid chains in the phospholipids. The subunit complex remained in the fluidic bilayers, but further assembled to form LH1-type complex in solid-like phospholipid bilayers, suggesting that intermolecular force of phospholipid governs the assembling of the polypeptide/[Zn]-BChl a complex.
Masayuki Nogami, Riguang Jin, Toshihiro Kasuga and Wantai Yang
T. Dewa, K. Yoshida, M. Sugimoto, R. Sugiura, M. Nango, "Organization of Photosynthetic Antenna Complex in Lipid Bilayers", Advanced Materials Research, Vols. 11-12, pp. 623-626, 2006