Mechanical and Tribological Behavior of Bio Polymer Matrix Composites for Biomedical Prosthesis Applications


Article Preview

Due to limitations of Conventional metallic biomaterials an attempt is made to develop a new hybrid polymer matrix composite for load bearing applications of Hip joints in the human body. Ultra high molecular weight polyethylene matrix material was blended with 50 wt% of short E-glass fibres and TiO2 particles with varying percentage of reinforcement, using injection moulding machine. Fabricated composites specimens were subjected to tensile strength test, Fatigue test, SEM, Wear analysis test and In vivo Biocompatibility test to evaluate mechanical and tribological properties, required for bone joints load bearing applications. The maximum tensile strength of 41.5 MPa and young’s modulus of 7.5 GPa is obtained. The behavior of S-N curve obtained after the test is linear in nature, which leads to failure at 105 cycles for the fabricated composite specimen. Also it reveals that fracture is due to brittle failure. The wear mechanism of composite specimen is, because of abrasion. Density of composite specimens was increased after dipping in the simulated body fluid solution.



Edited by:

Hao Gong and K.M. Gupta




S. Zameer and M. Haneef, "Mechanical and Tribological Behavior of Bio Polymer Matrix Composites for Biomedical Prosthesis Applications", Advanced Materials Research, Vol. 1105, pp. 7-12, 2015

Online since:

May 2015




* - Corresponding Author

[1] Scott J. Hazelwood et al: International Journal of Fatigue Vol 29 (2007) 1057-1064.

[2] S. Ramakrishna et al: Jour of Composites Science and Tech Vol 61 (2001) 1189-1224.

[3] J.A. Simoes et al: Journal of ASME, Vol. 123, (2001).

[4] George Matsoukas et al: Jour of Biomechanical Engineering, ASME Vol 131, (2009).

[5] S. Mollazadeh et al: International journal of Ceramics Vol 33 (2007) 1579-1583.

[6] S. H Toeh: International Journal of Fatigue 22 (2000), 825-837.

[7] S.K. Senapathi et al: Trends Biomaterial. Artif. Organs. Vol. 16(1) PP 5-7 (2002).

[8] Soo Whon Lee et al: journal of wear 255 (2003) 1040-1044.

[9] R. Singha Roy et al: Journal of Trends Biomaterial Artificial Organs, Vol 18, (2005).

[10] C.X. Dong et al: Journal of Material Science Technology, 2011, 27(7), 659-667.

[11] K. Janaki et al: Jour of Trends Biomaterial Artf Organs Vol 22(3) PP 169-178 (2008).

[12] Xiangquiang Pei et al: Journal of Wear, 274-275 (2012) 452-455.

[13] S.K. Roy Chowdhury et al: International journal of wear 256 (2004) 1026-1036.

[14] Ravikumar Varadarajan et al: Journal of Biomaterial 27 (2006) 4693-4697.

[15] A. Avanzini: Jour of mech behavior of bio medical materials 4 (2011) 1242-1256.

[16] Michael R et al: Journal of materials (2009), 2, 1895-(1907).

[17] C. M. Manjunath et al: Jour of reinforced plastic and comp Vol 29, PP 2170, (2010).

[18] Hand Book of American Society for Testing and Materials Vol. 15. 03 (2003).

[19] T. Kokubo: Journal of Biomedical Material. Research, Vol 24, PP 721-734 (1990).

[20] A.H. De Aza et al: Journal of Biomaterial 23 (2002) PP 937-945.