Influence of the Amount of Dispersed Suspension of Carbon Nano-Tubes on Physico-Mechanical Properties of Cement Mortar
Nanotechnology has become a driving power in most of the branches of industry recently and construction industry is not an exception. Therefore, this paper deals with the topical problem of using nanoparticles in concrete. Carbon nanotubes (CNTs) with exceptional physico-mechanical properties were used in the experimental part of the paper. Their potential for enhancing characteristics of common concrete is promising. A frequent problem of application of carbon nanotubes is their agglomeration, which is caused by high surface tension, Van der Waals force and high ratio of sides. This fact limits possibilities of application of CNTs and it is the main reason of rare use of the promising potential of CNTs. Formed agglomerations can be dispersed by adding energy from outside and if suitable surface active agent in the solution of CNTs and water is added, their re-agglomeration can be prevented. Experimental part of the paper focuses on possibilities of dispersing CNTs by means of ultrasonic homogenizer Bandelin Sonopulse HD 3200 and suitable surface-active substance. Tests specimens were prepared from a suspension of water and CNTs with two different proportions and development of physico-mechanical properties in time was observed. Results confirmed the trends described in foreign literature sources and gave valuable impulses for further attempts to use nanotechnology in concrete technology.
T. Jarolím et al., "Influence of the Amount of Dispersed Suspension of Carbon Nano-Tubes on Physico-Mechanical Properties of Cement Mortar", Advanced Materials Research, Vol. 1106, pp. 65-68, 2015