Fluctuation Theorem Application on 2-D Granular Materials Configurations
Probability occurrence between two successive 2-d granular materials configuration, which are related to their entropy, can be used to check history line of the materials configurations. As an example, a well-known Brazil-nut effect will be presented. In small region it seems that this effect violates principle of minimum energy but not as the whole system, where the energy does decrease. In this work effect of temperature is considered constant since the configurations are observed in frozen states instead of dynamic or fluidized states.
Risa Suryana, Kuwat Triyana, Khairurrijal, Heru Susanto and Sutikno
S. Viridi et al., "Fluctuation Theorem Application on 2-D Granular Materials Configurations", Advanced Materials Research, Vol. 1123, pp. 12-15, 2015