To improve the adsorption efficiency of activated carbon for phenol, copper nitrate was used to modify activated carbon. In detail, the absorption properties of modified activated carbon was studied by investigating the effects of adsorption time, pH, amount of modified activated carbon and initial concentration of phenol on the adsorption. And the dynamic and adsorbent model were obtained and explored. It shows that the removal rate of modified activated carbon for phenol was higher than the unmodified carbon, and the best removal rate can be obtained under the conditions of pH about 5, adsorption time of 2h, modified activated carbon dosage of 1.0g. The quasi-two rate equation was better to reflect the dynamics of modified activated carbon for phenol, with the initial concentration of phenol increased, equilibrium adsorption capacity and initial adsorption rate were greater. Both Freundlich and Langmuir model could reflect the adsorption behavior of modified activated carbon for phenol, while the Langmuir model was more properly.