Phosphorus Removal Efficiency of Different Media and Macrophyte in Constructed Wetland

Abstract:

Article Preview

Constructed wetlands are very useful for the removal of nutrients from treated municipal wastewater. Use of different kinds of media and macrophytes improves the efficiency of nutrient removal of constructed wetlands. Three different media (pulverized ash bricks, shale and gravel) and common reed (Phragmites spp.) were used for present research work. This macrophyte is a local weed and easily available. Uses of different media with macrophyte are very efficient for nutrient removal from treated municipal wastewater. Out of these three media used for present research pulverized fly ash bricks media was most efficient for removal of phosphorus in constructed wetland.

Info:

Periodical:

Advanced Materials Research (Volumes 113-116)

Edited by:

Zhenyu Du and X.B Sun

Pages:

2368-2372

Citation:

R.P. Singh et al., "Phosphorus Removal Efficiency of Different Media and Macrophyte in Constructed Wetland", Advanced Materials Research, Vols. 113-116, pp. 2368-2372, 2010

Online since:

June 2010

Export:

Price:

$38.00

[1] Wengxiang Liu. Study on the Application of Artificial Wetland in Agriculture Not-point Source Pollution. Research of Environmental Sciences. Beijing, Vol. 10, pp.15-19 (1997).

[2] Fei Xiong, Wenchao Li, Jizheng Pan, Aiquan Li, and Tianxiang Xia. Efficiency and Functioning of Nitrogen and Phosphorus Removal in Constructed Wetlands: a Review. Wetland Science. Changchun, Vol. 3, pp.228-234 (2005).

[3] M. L. Solano, P. Soriano, and M. P. Ciria. Constructed wetlands as a sustainable solution for wastewater treatment in small villages. Biosystems Engineering. Amsterdam, Vol . 87, p.109118 (2004).

DOI: https://doi.org/10.1016/j.biosystemseng.2003.10.005

[4] Xiaohui Bai, Baozhen Wang, Min Yu, and Meisheng Nie. Development of constructed wetland wastewater treatment technology and its application in China. Journal of Harbin University of C. E. & Architecture. Harbin, Vol. 32, pp.88-92 (1999).

[5] You-qin Zhou, Wen-tao Zhang, Bo Lin and Wen-bin Zhou. Research on the disposal efficiency of constructed wetlands with Ceramsite. IEEE, pp.3513-3515 (2008).

DOI: https://doi.org/10.1109/icbbe.2008.381

[6] KoottatepT, Polprasert C, Koanh NT, Heinss U, Montangero A. Strauss M. Septage dewatering in vertical-flow constructed wetlands located in the tropics. Water SciTechnol. Vol. 44(2-3): 181- 8 (2001).

DOI: https://doi.org/10.1016/b978-044450563-7/50215-8

[7] McBride GB, Tanner CC. Modelling biofilm nitrogen transformation in constructed wetland mesocosms with fluctuating water levels. Ecol Eng., 14: 93-106 (2000).

DOI: https://doi.org/10.1016/s0925-8574(99)00022-1

[8] H. Brix and H.H. Schiereup. The use of aquatic macrophytes in water-pollution control. Ambio, Vol. 18, 100-107 (1989).

[9] P. Cooper and J. De Maeseneer. Hybrid systems-what is the best way to arrange the vertical and horizontal flow stages? IAWQ Specialist group on the use of macrophytes in water pollution control. Newsletter no. 15, 411-420 (1996).

[10] Ayaz, S.C., Akca, L., Treatment of wastewater by natural systems. Environ. Int. 26, 189-195 (2001).

[11] Song, Z., Bi, X., Cao, J., Application of constructed wetlands in sewage treatment in small cities in China. Chin. J. Ecol. 22(3), 74-78 (2002).

[12] Kaseva, M.E., Performance of a sub-surface flow constructed wetland in polishing pre-treated wastewater-a tropical study. Water Res. Vol. 38, 681-687 (2004).

DOI: https://doi.org/10.1016/j.watres.2003.10.041

[13] Kivaisi, A.K., The potential for constructed wetlands for wastewater treatment and reuse in developing countries: a review. Ecol. Eng. Vol. 16, 545-560 (2001).

DOI: https://doi.org/10.1016/s0925-8574(00)00113-0

[14] Korkusuz, E.A., Beklioglu, M., Demirer, G.N., Comparison of the treatment performance of the blast furnace slag-based and gravel-based vertical flow wetlands operated identically for domestic wastewater treatment in Turkey. Ecol. Eng., Vol. 24, 187-200 (2005).

DOI: https://doi.org/10.1016/j.ecoleng.2004.10.002

[15] Vymazal, J., The use of sub-surface constructed wetlands for wastewater treatment in the Czech Republic: 10 years experience. Ecol. Eng., Vol. 18, 633-646 (2002).

DOI: https://doi.org/10.1016/s0925-8574(02)00025-3

[16] Mantovi, P., Marmiroli, M., Maestri, E., Application of a horizontal subsurface flow constructed wetland on treatment of dairy parlor wastewater. Bioresour. Technol., Vol. 88, 85-94 (2003).

DOI: https://doi.org/10.1016/s0960-8524(02)00291-2

[17] McNevin D, Harrison M, King A, David K, Mitchell C. Towards an integrated performance model for subsurface flow constructed wetlands. Environ Sci Health; A35 (8): 1415-1429 (2000).

DOI: https://doi.org/10.1080/10934520009377044

[18] Pant H.K., Reddy, K.R., Lemon, E., Phosphorus retention capacity of root bed media of subsurface flow constructed wetlands. Ecol. Eng., Vol. 17, 345-355 (2001).

DOI: https://doi.org/10.1016/s0925-8574(00)00134-8

[19] Reddy, K R, Smith, W H, Aquatic plants for water treatment and resources recovery. Mangolia Publishing Inc. Orlando, FL, p.1032 (1987).

[20] Tanner, C C, Sukias, J P S, Upsdell, M P, Relationships between loading rates and pollutants removal during maturation of gravel-bed constructed wetlands. J. Environ. Qual., Vol. 27, 448458 (1998).

DOI: https://doi.org/10.2134/jeq1998.00472425002700020028x