Mechanical behavior of municipal solid waste (MSW) is important to geo-environment engineering, and it is necessary to properly understand it. Laboratory direct shear tests were conducted on MSW with 3 short fill ages, namely 1d, 4d and 7d. Three different densities were taken into accounted in each fill age. Experimental data show that MSW’s shear failure still satisfies the Mohr-Coulomb criterion. As to bigger density, shear strength of MSW increases within 1-7d fill age. When density becomes smaller, its shear strength increases within 1-4d fill age but decreases within 4-7d fill age. With fill-age developing, friction angle of MSW increase monotonously, but cohesion force of it first increases and then decreases. Experimented shear stress-displacement curve of MSW can not be well fitted by either hyperbolic model or exponential model. This experimental research is helpful for design and numerical simulation of corresponding MSW landfill.