Interspecies Interactions of Metal-Oxidizing Thermo-Acidophilic Archaea Acidianus and Sulfolobus
Biofilm formation of microorganisms on relevant surfaces is of great importance for biomining and acid mine drainage (AMD). Thermo-acidophilic archaea like Acidianus, Sulfolobus and Metallosphaera are of special interest due to their ability to enhance leaching rates. Visualization and investigation of microbial attachment and biofilm formation of metal-oxidizing organisms up to now has been done mostly with mesophilic or moderately thermophilic bacteria. In this study, attachment and biofilms by the crenarchaeota Sulfolobus metallicus DSM 6482T and a new isolate Acidianus sp. DSM 29099 on sulfur or pyrite were analyzed. Confocal laser scanning microscopy (CLSM) combined with fluorescent dyes specific for nucleic acids or glycoconjugates were used to monitor biofilm formation on surfaces. The data indicate that cell attachment and the subsequently formed biofilm structures were species and substrate dependent. The investigation of binary biofilms on pyrite showed that both species were heterogeneously distributed on pyrite surfaces in the form of individual cells or microcolonies. In addition, physical contact between the two species was visible, as revealed by specific lectins able to distinguish single species.
M. Zaki Mubarok, Siti Khodijah Chaerun, Wahyudin Prawira Minwal, Fadhli Muhammad and Killang Pratama
R. Y. Zhang et al., "Interspecies Interactions of Metal-Oxidizing Thermo-Acidophilic Archaea Acidianus and Sulfolobus", Advanced Materials Research, Vol. 1130, pp. 105-108, 2015