Analysis and Correlation of Output Parameters against Input Parameters for Friction Stir Welding of Three Dissimilar Aluminum Alloy


Article Preview

Friction Stir Welding, abbreviated FSW is an innovative joining process. The FSW is a solid-state welding process with a lot of advantages comparing to the traditional arc welding, such as the following: it uses a non-consumable tool, it results of good mechanical properties, it can use dissimilar materials and it have a low environmental impact. First of all, the FSW process was developed to join similar aluminum plates, and now, the technology was developed and the FSW process is used to weld large types of materials, similar or dissimilar. In this paper it is presented an experimental study and the results of it, which includes the welding of three dissimilar aluminum alloy, with different chemical and mechanical properties. This three materials are: AA2024, AA6061 and AA7075. The welding joints and the welding process were analyzed considering: process temperature, micro-hardness, macrostructure and microstructure.



Edited by:

Nicușor Alin Sîrbu and Aurel Valentin Bîrdeanu




A. Boşneag et al., "Analysis and Correlation of Output Parameters against Input Parameters for Friction Stir Welding of Three Dissimilar Aluminum Alloy", Advanced Materials Research, Vol. 1146, pp. 38-43, 2018

Online since:

April 2018




* - Corresponding Author

[1] C. M. A. Leitao, Influence of base material plastic properties and process parameters on friction stir weldability, Universidade de Coimbra, (2013).

[2] Z. Kiss, T. Czigany, Applicability of friction stir welding in polymeric materials, Mech. Eng. 51(1) (2007) 15-18.


[3] G. Minak, L. Ceschini, I. Boromei, M. Ponte, Fatigue properties of friction stir welded particulate reinforced aluminum matrix composites, Int. J. of Fatigue, 32 (2010) 218-226.


[4] G. Kohn, Y. Greenberg, I. Makover, A. Munitz, Laser-Assisted Friction Stir Welding, American Welding Society 81 (2002) 46–48.

[5] D. R. Ni, D. L. Chen, D. Wang, B. L. Xiao, Z. Y. Ma, Tensile properties and strain-hardening behaviour of friction stir welded SiCp/AA2009 composite joints, Mat. Science & Eng. A 608 (2014) 1-10.


[6] A. Kumar, R. S. Jadour, Friction stir welding of dissimilar materials/ alloy: a review, Int. J. Mech. Eng & Rob Res, 1, 1 (2014) 107-113.

[7] Z. Boumerzoung, Y. Helal, Friction stir welding of dissimilar materials aluminum AL6061-T6 to ultra low carbon steel, Metals, 7, 42 (2017).


[8] P. Liu, Q. Shi, W. Wang, X. Wang, Z. Zhang, Microstructure and XRD analysis of FSW joints for copper T2/aluminium 5A06 dissimilar materials, Materials Letters, 62 (2008) 4106-4108.


[9] R. Hariharan, R. J. G. R. Nimal, Friction stir welding of dissimilar aluminium alloy (6061&7075) by using computerized numerical control machine, Middle-East Journal of Scientifiv Research, 20 (5) (2014), 601-605.

[10] A. Suri, An Improved FSW Tool for Joining Commercial Aluminum Plates, Procedia Materials Science, 6 (2014) 1857-1864.